1b. gambling addiction introduction

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1b. gambling addiction introduction

  1. 1. Gambling
  2. 2. <ul><li>Pathological gambling is listed in the DSM-IV as an impulse control disorder.   </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>These disorders are initially driven by pleasure, arousal and gratification. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Recurrent gambling behaviour causes significant disruptions in personal, family, social and vocational pursuits. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>People preoccupied with gambling may report that they are seeking action or an aroused, euphoric state, more so than the money itself </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The features of pathological gambling are persistent so, over time, patients develop unpleasant feelings which are relieved when the compulsive behaviour is undertaken. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>In a manner similar to substance use disorders, as the opportunities for gambling increase (e.g. easily accessible internet gambling can be likened to an increase in the ‘supply’ of a substance of misuse), so does the proportion of the population that develops gambling associated problems. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Gambling addictions typically begin in early adolescence in males </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>and later in life for females </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Males are significantly more likely to experience gambling-related problems than females </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Gambling is a complex phenomenon and may also be viewed as: </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>An addiction </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li> Tolerance can develop as people feel the need to spend increasing amounts of time and money in order to achieve the same level of excitement. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Withdrawal symptoms can occur on cessation of gambling and can resolve on recommencement of gambling. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Self medication theories of other mental disorders are also applied to gambling as they can be to chemical substances of addiction. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>There is evidence, however, that gambling behaviours persist over time in contrast to substance use related problems which become less prevalent as people age. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The clinical course of gambling can be separated into three phases. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Winning: Wins are greatly dramatised and losses are often forgotten about and even denied. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Losing: The individual begins to gamble less cautiously in an attempt to win back lost finances and impending losses mount. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Desperation: Gambling is frequently associated with criminality and legal problems in an attempt to gain more money to gamble. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>YouTube - Compulsive Gambling, Problem Gambling, Gambling Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Debts grow, individuals may be prosecuted and guilt and depression set in, occasionally leading to suicide. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>There are a number of treatment options available for those suffering from a gambling addiction and these will be explored throughout this Area of Study. </li></ul>

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