Social Harmony Revision
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Revision for social harmony (C4)

Revision for social harmony (C4)

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Social Harmony Revision Social Harmony Revision Presentation Transcript

  • Social Harmony Unit 4
  • The roles of men and women
  • How has legislation towards women changed?
    • Getting the voting right (1928)
    • The legal pay act (1970)
    • Women and men can do the same job now
    • A woman can now own her own property, where as before only the men could
    • Direct sex discrimination
    • Harassment in the work place
    • Discrimination in education (girls and boys have the same lessons, as oppose to different lessons for the different sex’s
  • How did women get equality?
    • The suffragettes campaigned for women’s rights
    • They did this because they believed that women were not the inferior race, but were
    In fact equal to men
  • Emily Wilding Davison
    • Emily W. Davison felt so strongly about women having equal rights, that she was willing to die for them to get equality- she jumped in front of a horse at a race to attract attention for the cause, and she died after a few days in an unconscious state
    • She did this, knowing she may die- she felt she had to do it to bring the equal rights movement into the public eye
  • What inequalities still exist?
    • Girls generally do better in GCSE exams than boys
    • In the Catholic Church- women cannot conduct mass
    • On the grounds of maternity, Women get maternity leave and their job is guaranteed for a certain amount of time
    • Men feel that they cannot do certain jobs without being judged, e.g. a nurse or nursery teacher
    • Men also feel they cannot express their emotions- this is thought to be why the suicide rate for men is higher than for women
    • Religion and political parties tend to be male dominant
  • Definitions
    • Equality- The state of everyone having equal rights regardless of race/class/colour/gender
    • Sexism- Discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female)
    • Prejudice- Pre- Judging someone/ judging someone before you know them
    • Discrimination- Putting your prejudices into action in a negative way
    • Examples
    • Equality- a woman being able to do a job that used to be a notoriously male position
    • Sexism- Treating one of the sex’s as the inferior/superior race
    • Prejudice- Making your mind up if you like say a male because of the prejudice you have made based on their sex
    • Discrimination- acting on your prejudice and treating a certain sex differently, or like the inferior or superior race
  • Women in ministry
  • There are three types of Christian Churches to consider
    • Catholic Church
    • Orthodox protestant Church
    • Modern protestant Church
    What Church thinks what?
  • Modern protestant Church
    • In the modern protestant Church, women play all roles, such as Laity roles, which are things like being in charge of children’s liturgies, giving communion, singing in the Choir and saying readings.
    • In the Modern protestant Church’s, they are completely the opposite in their beliefs in the role of women, because not only do women perform laity roles, but also, they can even conduct mass’, baptisms, funerals and weddings.
    • The reasons for their beliefs of such equality between men and women –like the orthodox protestants- are because of the bible. They believe the bible promotes equality between man and woman, for example
    • “ there is no Jew nor Greek, Slave nor free, Male nor Female , Circumcised nor un-circumcised; for we are all one in Christ Jesus”
    • Galatians 3: 28
    • And also in many other parts of the bible does it promote the message of male and female equality.
  • Orthodox protestant Church
    • The Orthodox protestant Church believe that women should play no role in the Church other than to be there. They believe that women should sit down and learn in silence with their heads covered, and only the men can speak.
    • The reasons behind their somewhat sexist beliefs are inspired by –surprisingly- the Bible. If you are thinking why does the Bible promote sexism? This is wrong, but should be interpreted to today’s World because in Jesus’ time it was a patriarchal society (meaning it was ruled by men)
    • The parts of the Bible where, what is interpreted to be sexism, are particularly in St Paul’s letters, Timothy, and even in Genesis in the story of creation, where women are made out to be the lesser person, because Adam was created first, and also Eve was supposed to have bought temptation into our World.
  • The Catholic Church
    • The Catholic Church are all for women working in laity roles, to help run the Church which once again, are roles in which you do things such as give communion, sing In the Choir, Perform a reading. And in this sense; The Catholic Church promote equality between men and women, however, they can show some form of men being the better race, and this is because in the Catholic Church only men can give mass, and the seven sacraments (Baptism, communion, confirmation, anointing of the sick, penance and reconciliation, holy orders and matrimony).
    • The reasons behind the believes of the Catholic Church are also interpreted from the bible. They believe man and woman are equal because of parts of the bible such as Galatians, but believe that only men should conduct the service itself because The priest is meant to represent Jesus, and also because all of Jesus’ disciples were men, regardless of whether it was a patriarchal society.
  • Why different beliefs?
    • The reason that different Christians have different views on the equality of men and women is because they all interpret the Bible in different ways, also in comparison to the debate that goes on of whether the story of creation is literal or metaphorical truth, the debate on the roles of women still goes on.
    • Orthodox protestants believe that all women should just sit and learn in silence because this is what women were forced to do in the times of Jesus, and they suffered oppression from the men, maybe now it is not brutal oppression, but in the orthodox protestant church, it still goes on.
    • Modern protestants believe that men and women are totally equal because as it claims in the bible, “we are all equal in the eyes of God”.
    • Catholics believe that women are mostly equal but only men can conduct the service and sacraments because the priest represents Jesus.
  • What does the Bible say?
    • “ There is no Jew nor Greek, Slave nor free, Male nor female; for we are all one in Christ Lord”
    • When Jesus resurrected, he first showed himself to not man, but woman.
    • At the time of Jesus’ death, it was women who surrounded him.
    For total equality for men and women That God gave his only begotten son to the World to preach the word, so women should not say mass. Mary was the person who bought Jesus into the World, and Jesus had a closer relationship with his mother than Joseph. Jesus’ attitude to women was revolutionary; and he didn’t care what others thought of him for it For women being equal but men can only conduct the service and the sacraments For men ruling over women God is portrayed as ‘he’ The bible tends to show favouritism to men God showed himself in the form of a man (Jesus) Jesus’ disciples were all men.
  • Racism
  • What is racism?
    • Racism is treating people as the inferior race, based on their race/colour
    • For example
    • The KKK discriminating against black people just for the colour of their skin
  • Martin Luther King
    • Basically, the one modern Christian that you will need to explain
    • He was a Baptist minister
    • He believed that what the black people were suffering was wrong
    • He was a pacifist
    • He used non-violent resistance to enforce the civil rights movement
    • He was the youngest ever person to win the Nobel peace prize
    • He used the Bible to show equality
    • He had a dream of racial harmony
    • He was assassinated, the person charged for this was James Earl Ray, Kings son tried to get Ray out of prison though because he truly believed he didn’t do it
    • “ God does not show favouritism,
    • But accepts men from every nation”
    • Acts 10: 34-35
    • This quote says God accepts men from every nation into his kingdom,
    • So why shouldn’t we accept all men? We were all made in Gods image.
  • More Bible quotes
    • “ I give you a new commandment, that you love one another- just as I have loved you; you should also love one another”
    • John 13: 34
    • “ You shall love your neighbour as yourself”
    • Matthew 22: 39
    • “ There is neither Jew nor Greek, Slave nor free, Male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus”
    • Galatians 3: 28
  • Living in a Multi-Ethnic Society
  • What is a Multi-Ethnic Society?
    • A multi-ethnic society is a society where people from different races/ethnic backgrounds live
    • There are thought to be advantages and disadvantages of living in a multi-ethnic society See next Slide 
  • Advantages
    • Experiencing other cultures
    • A more differed lifestyle
    • Promotes Unity rather than segregation
    • Prejudice is eliminated as you get to know other races, therefore stopping discrimination
    Disadvantages
    • It is easier to ignore equality, and focus on your own needs
    • People sometimes find it difficult to accept something different from themselves
    • People who are racist (although wrong) may feel that their opinions are being taken away from them
  • Britain as a multi-ethnic society
    • What makes someone British?
    • To abide by and respect the British laws
    • Have the a national identification to say you are a legal British citizen
  • Is Britain a Multi-Ethnic Society?
    • Britain is a multi-ethnic society, this is because there are people living here from different parts of the World, from different ethnic backgrounds.
    • EVIDENCE
    • In the times where the first ever people to come to Britain came, they were never ‘British’ for example, the Romans as early as 1AD
    • People always came to Britain from other parts of the World
    • Britain set up an overseas empire- and allowed anyone who lived in a British Colony, to come and live in Britain
    • After WW2 many workers were brought to Britain to make up for the loss of men, they were allowed to then treat Britain as their home.
  • Living in a Multi-Faith society
  • What is a multi-faith society?
    • A multi-faith society is a society where people with different religious beliefs live, there are people with different faiths
    • EXAMPLE
    • Sikhs, Muslims and Christians living together in one society
  • The six world religions
    • CHRISTIAN’S
    • MUSLIM’S
    • HINDU’S
    • SIKH’S
    • JEW’S
    • BUDDHIST’S
  • Advantages of living in a Multi-Faith society
    • Seeing faith through another persons eyes
    • It could lead you to understand more about your own faith through experiencing another persons faith
    • You can say you have considered more than one religious belief- reinforcing faith in your own religion
    • You can share your religion with other people, possibly even resulting in a conversion experience
  • Disadvantages
    • It is easier to ignore other religions and only believe that yours is correct
    • It is easier for the government to lead a society who all follow one faith as oppose to constant debating
    • Religious debating
    • Having to accept that other people have different beliefs to you
    • Inclusive?
    • Exclusive?
    • Pluralist?
  • Inclusive
    • An inclusive Christian would say that they believe that Christianity holds the truth about God, but you can also be an atheist or follow another religion and get to God/heaven
    • This is an anonymous Christian
  • Exclusive
    • An exclusive Christian would say that Christianity holds the truth about God, and that you cannot get to heaven by following another religion or being an atheist, and that you have to worship God
    • e.g. Evangelists
  • Pluralist
    • A pluralist would say that no religion can claim to hold the real truth about God, and that all religions have an equal right to coexist. They believe you can get to God by following any religious belief