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How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative
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How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

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This presentation is about how we can change a positive sentence in English to negative or interrogative. It also has a section on when we have to add s/es to the verb. Generally many persons make …

This presentation is about how we can change a positive sentence in English to negative or interrogative. It also has a section on when we have to add s/es to the verb. Generally many persons make mistake in this area.

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  • 1. How to Transform Sentences. Change to Negative or Interrogative Sentence Presented BY: The English Academy 91 88666 80407 englishacademybaroda@gmail.com Visit us at: http://indiamart.com/english-academy/ Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │ Hand Holding
  • 2. Conducted by: Sarwan Singh Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │ Hand Holding
  • 3. Reach us at: (The English Academy) englishacademybaroda@gmail.com http://www.facebook.com/TheEnglishAcademyBaroda @sarwan_singh (91)88666 80407, (91)97279 19756 http://www.linkedin.com/pub/sarwan-singh/17/722/313 http://sarwansingh6644.blogspot.in 305-Helix Complex Nr. Hotel Kansar, Sayajigunj, Vadodara-390 005, Gujarat (India) http://writebetter-speakbetter-english.blogspot.in sarwansingh6644@gmail.com
  • 4. There are 3 types of Sentences: Examples: 1. Priya works in Gujarat Gas. 2. You are very intelligent. 3. I am having lunch. 4. He was working on this project yesterday. 5. He has been working since 9 am. 6. You play cricket very well. 7. We had reached Delhi safely. 1. Affirmative Sentences: (These sentences will not have no/not & will end on (.) full stop.)
  • 5. There are 3 types of Sentences: Examples: 1. Priya is not working these days. 2. You were not present in the class yesterday. 3. There are no students in the class now. 4. Kamal doesn’t have a car. 5. I could not complete your work yesterday. 6. She didn’t bring my book that day. 7. There was no water in the lake. 8. We have no light in our house today. 2. Negative Sentence: (These sentences will have no/not & will end on (.) full stop.)
  • 6. There are 3 types of Sentences: Examples: 1. Why is Priya not working these days? 2. Why were you not present in the class yesterday? 3. Is Ram present in the office now? 4. Have you brought my book? 5. Does she like badminton? 6. Why is there no water in the jug? 7. When did he reach Surat? 8. Did Rita not come to your house yesterday? 3. Interrogative Sentence: (These sentences ask a question & they may or may not have no/not & will end on (?) Question Mark
  • 7. Types of Verbs Main Verbs Helping Verbs Auxiliary Verbs Modal Auxiliary  Eat  Drink  Sleep  Read  Think  Drive  Write  Produce  Is  Are  Am  Was  Were  Do  Does  Did  Has  Have  Had  Can  Could  May  Might  Shall  Should  Will  Would
  • 8. Subject + Verb + Object Universal Formula of a Sentence in English
  • 9. Universal Formula of a Sentence in English Subject + Verb + Object A sentence can be without helping verb In this case the exact formula is: Subject + Main Verb + Object Examples:  I read newspaper.  He plays cricket.  You work very hard.  She comes everyday.
  • 10. Universal Formula of a Sentence in English Subject + Verb + Object A sentence can also have a helping verb & a main verb Hence formula of a sentence with helping verb: Subject + helping Verb + Main Verb + Object Examples:  I am reading newspaper.  He did not arrive.  You are working very hard.  She will come tomorrow.
  • 11. IMPORTANT Main Verb is compulsory in all Sentences; Examples:  You appear tired.  She works very hard.  I like reading.  They study in Surat. But helping verb is not compulsory.
  • 12. Universal Formula for Making Negative Sentences Subject + Helping Verb + not + Main Verb + Object (add ‘not’ in between helping verb & main verb)
  • 13. Negative Sentences Subject + Helping Verb + not + Main Verb + Object Examples:  Priya is working these days.  Priya is not working these days.  You were present in the class yesterday.  You were not present in the class yesterday.  I was absent yesterday.  I was not absent yesterday.  They are coming to attend this meeting.  They are not coming to attend this meeting. Sentences with Helping Verb
  • 14. Universal Formula for Making Negative Sentences (without helping verb) Subject + do/does/did + not + Main Verb + Object (add ‘do/does/did + not’ before main verb)
  • 15. Negative Sentences Subject + Helping Verb (do/does/did) + not + Main Verb + Object Examples:  Priya works in a bank these days.  Priya does not work in a bank these days.  You play football very well.  You do not play football very well.  I like Indian Music.  I do not like Indian Music  They went to attend the meeting on Sunday.  They did not go to attend the meeting on Sunday. Sentences without Helping Verb
  • 16. Universal Formula for Making interrogative Sentences 1. Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object 2. (WH Word) + Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object NOTE: 1. Start the sentence with helping verb. 2. If required; place WH word in front of 1 above.
  • 17. Interrogative Sentences-with Helping Verb Interrogative Sentences Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object (WH Word)Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object Examples:  You were not absent from the class.  Were you not absent from the class?  When were you not absent from the class?  Ram is present in the office now.  Is Ram present in the office now?  Why is Ram present in the office now?  They are taking lunch now.  Are they taking lunch now?  Why are they taking lunch now?
  • 18. Universal Formula for Making interrogative Sentences (Sentences without helping verb) 1. Do/Does/Did + Subject + Main Verb + Object 2. (WH Word) + Do/Does/Did + Subject + Main Verb + Object NOTE: 1. Start the sentence with Do/Does/Did. 2. If required; place WH word in front of 1 above.
  • 19. Interrogative Sentences- Without Helping Verb Interrogative Sentences Do/Does/Did (Helping Verb) + Subject + Main Verb + Object (WH Word) + Do/Does/Did (Helping Verb) + Subject + Main Verb + Object Examples:  She works in Gujarat Gas.  Does she work in Gujarat Gas?  Why does she work in Gujarat Gas?  Ram Stays in Vadodara.  Does Ram stay in Vadodara?  Where does Ram stay in Vadodara?  You played cricket in school.  Did you play cricket in school?  When did you play cricket in school?
  • 20. All interrogative sentences always start with either:  to be (is, are, am, was, were) word or  modal auxiliary (shall, will, can, may, might, could); or  Has, have had; or  Do, does, did; or  wh word (what, when, how, where, whose, which) Whether the interrogative sentence will start with a wh word or a helping verb is decided by answer desired. Important Note 1
  • 21. Close Ended Questions  All interrogative sentences starting with a helping verb are called close ended questions.  Such questions usually have YES or NO as answer Such questions are used to ask for confirmation Important Note 2 Open Ended Questions:  All interrogative sentences starting with a why/when/how/what/when/where/what are called open ended questions.  Such questions usually need complete answer Such questions are usually asked to get further information When to use S or es with verb.pptx
  • 22. When to use s or es to verbs
  • 23. Main Verbs Helping Verbs Auxiliary Verbs Modal Auxiliary  Eat  Drink  Sleep  Read  Think  Drive  Write  Produce  Is  Are  Am  Was  Were  Do  Does  Did  Has  Have  Had  Can  Could  May  Might  Shall  Should  Will  Would Types of Verbs
  • 24. Various Forms of Verbs V1 Base Form V2 Past Simple V3 Past Participle V4 Present Participle V5 Third Person Singular taste tasted tasted tasting tastes play played played playing plays paint painted painted painting paints beat beat beaten beating beats walk walked walked walking walks become became become becoming becomes begin began begun beginning begins bend bent bent bending bends go went gone going goes Used only in Present Simple Tense Used only in Past Simple Tense Used in all perfect tense sentences Used in all Continuous Tense Sentences Used only in Present Simple Tense sentences having third person singular subject
  • 25. Personal Pronouns Person Words Used Used for First Person I, We, Us, Our Person Speaking Second Person You, Your Person Spoken to Third Person He, She, It, They, Their Person/place/thing spoken about
  • 26. Singular & Plural Nouns/Pronouns Singular (one in number) Plural (more than one in number) I We You You He They She They It They Book Books Boy Boys Girl Girls Table Tables Bag Bags Pen Pens
  • 27. 1. It has base form of verb (play, eat, walk, talk etc.) 2. There is no helping verb in the sentence. (Present Simple Tense Sentence) 3. The subject is THIRD PERSON SINGULAR (He, she, it, Prem, Pen, Baroda, dog etc.) Add s/es/ies to a verb only if the sentence meets following three conditions: Examples:  He works in a bank.  Rita plays guitar very well.  My brother visits me every Sunday.  She goes to the bank daily.
  • 28. 1. Verbs ending in s, z, x, ch, sh have es added in third person singular. Examples: Misses, buzzes, fixes, watches, pushes 2. Verbs ending in y have ies in third person singular Examples: hurries, tries, worries, flies 3. Other verbs have s added. Examples: reads, eats, plays, drops EXCEPTIONS: goes, does Rules to add s, es or ies
  • 29. How to Transform Sentences. Change to Negative or Interrogative Sentence Presented BY: The English Academy 91 88666 80407 englishacademybaroda@gmail.com Visit us at: http://indiamart.com/english-academy/ Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │ Hand Holding
  • 30. Reach us at: (The English Academy) englishacademybaroda@gmail.com http://www.facebook.com/TheEnglishAcademyBaroda @sarwan_singh (91)88666 80407, (91)97279 19756 http://www.linkedin.com/pub/sarwan-singh/17/722/313 http://sarwansingh6644.blogspot.in 305-Helix Complex Nr. Hotel Kansar, Sayajigunj, Vadodara-390 005, Gujarat (India) http://writebetter-speakbetter-english.blogspot.in sarwansingh6644@gmail.com

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