AN ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE AMONG THE NINTH YEAR STUDENTS OF SMPN 3 PARE
Brown (1987: 170) Said that ”Second language learning is a process that is clearly not unlike first language learning in its trial and errors nature”. It means that the learners cannot avoid errors in learning second language. That statement is supported by Wiganti (2000: 11) <ul><ul><li>Background of the Study </li></ul></ul>CHAPTER 1 <ul><ul><li>Dubin F. and Olshtain E. (1986: 74) reported,: … , today errors are viewed as an integral part of the language-learning process from which we can gain very significant insight.” </li></ul></ul>
The problem can be stated as follows: <ul><ul><li>Statement of the problems </li></ul></ul>2 CHAPTER 1 1. What analysis is to be described on the use simple past tense among students of the ninth year SMPN 3 Pare? 2. What analysis is to be described on the frequency occurrence of the errors made among the students of the ninth year students of SMPN 3 Pare on the use simple past tense?
CHAPTER 2 Errors and Mistakes Dullay in Brown (1987: 170) uses the term “errors” to refer to any deviations from a selected norm of language performance, and matter what the characteristics or causes of the definitions might be. Mistakes arise when the speaker fails to match the language to the situation and result in appropriate utterances. Lapses, in the other hand, arise out tiredness, nervousness; or stain which result in slip of tongue, false starts confusion of structure, etc.
CHAPTER 2 Error analysis The Role of Error Analysis in Language teaching and Learning Error analysis shows the significance of learner’s errors and three ways: 1. They tell the teachers how far the learners have progressed and what remains for them to learn. 2. They provide evidence to researchers of how language is learned of acquired and what strategy or procedure the learner is employing to learn the language. 3. They serve as feedback to the learner of hypothesis he is using.
CHAPTER 2 Error analysis Categories of Errors in Error Analysis According to the process editing written by Sue Loarch in her book (1984: 181) the writer concludes that there are two categories of errors, global and local errors. Global errors are thus which affect the over all sentence organization significantly, while local errors are those affect single element (constituent) in a sentences.
CHAPTER 2 English simple past tense The simple past tense indicates that on activity or situation began and ended at a particular time in the past. Example: - I walked to school yesterday . - He bought a new car three days ago .
CHAPTER 3 Research Design This survey method the research the method that was used was survey. It is a method used to describe phenomena of a case by taking its data that will be analyzed and generalized to the population of research through Descriptive to qualitative samples. The case that was surveyed in this research was about phenomena of English simple past tense errors committed by the ninth year students of SMPN 3 Pare
CHAPTER 3 Place and time of research Place of Research This research are taken at school of the ninth year students of SMPN 3 Pare Time of Research The activities will be begun by proposing design of research and the research started on 24 th July 2011 and finished 1 st August 2011.
CHAPTER 3 Population and Sample Population This research, the population is the whole numbers of the ninth year students of SMPN 3 Pare – Kediri. There are three classes. Every class consists of 44 students. So the total numbers are 132 students. Sample Meanwhile the sample of this research is 50 students. In class IX A, it will be taken 17 students, class IX B will be taken 17 students and class IX C will be taken 16 students.
CHAPTER 3 TECHNIQUE OF DATA COLLECTIONS The result of the student’s works are needed to analyze their language, which have many kinds of errors. So in this case test will not measure the student’s ability in the writing skill, but it analyze the student’s errors in producing their language in the written from in the aspect of English simple past tense.
CHAPTER 3 DATA ANALYSIS After the identification of the errors the researcher will form a reconstruction of the correction of the sentences in the target language, or on the other word, the researcher compared the original sentences and finally describe the differences.