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How the Americas Change (ass. 4)

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  • 1. How the
    Americas Change
    By- Angie Martinez
    Sources:
    • The Americas in the 19th Century
    • 2. The little Ice Age
    • 3. Frontiers of the Americas
    • 4. Crossroads of Freedom
  • The Americas in the 19th Century
    • When FattHing Chin (19) decided to purchase a passage on a Spanish ship to sail to California to join the gold rush
    • 5. To his surprise there were many more young men like him in the ship
    • 6. They remained confined for weeks to the vomit-laden cargo areas of the shipafter 95 days they arrived to San Francisco
    • 7. Once the new migrants arrived they gather with Chinese veterans who helped to adapt to their new home
    • 8. Chin was hired as a gold miner and after a couple years he had save money
    • 9. Chin wanted his brother and cousin to join because of the demand in overseas migration works, although he instead returned to China
    • 10. In the ship he engaged in gambling and lost quite some money
    • 11. Working in the gold rush provided means to takes his wife, build a house and buy land
    • 12. After 1 year he returned to S.F. leaving his wife pregnant
    • 13. Gold finding was now harder so he decided to open a restaurant to make money
    • 14. Some migrants did mining, railroad construction, and or agricultural labor, but all contributed to the transformation of the Americas.
    • 15. Millions of Europe, Asia and Chinese migrants increased the ethnic diversity of American populations and stimulated political, social, and economic development in the western hemisphere
  • The Americas in the 19th Century
    • Late 18th and 19th centuries most land of the western hemisphere won their independence from European colonial powers.
    • 16. United States built the most powerful state in the western hemisphere and embarked westward push North America under U.S. control.
    • 17. Canada built a federal state under British Canadian leadership.
    • 18. Latin America built smaller states that controlled by local military leaders.
    • 19. Enlightenment build societies based on freedom, equality, and constitutional government was a huge challenge
    • 20. Independence for the United States, Canada, and Latin America was known by the mass migration and explosive economic growth, economic stagnation, and punctuated with civil war, ethnic violence, class conflict, and battles for racial and sexual equality.
    • 21. Slavery was very important
    • 22. Civil war 1860
    • 23. 1780 first draft of the constitution
    • 24. After the American revolution Britain gave the US a big amount of land. US doubled in size 
  • The little Ice Age
    14th-19th
    Century
    • -2 -3 degrees lower than the average temp today
    • 25. Unpredicted Climate shifts / Impacts were devastating
    • 26. Mystery on causes of event, maybe a reoccurring event
    • 27. Little ice age reshaped world
    • 28. Non affordable bread lead to the French revolution
    • 29. Very hard to live average 30 yrs , many infants would die
    • 30. Not only cold but also lots of rain, which lead to no crops
    • 31. during this period of time crime rate went up, some would open the caskets and steal valuable property to sell to get food, other would assault for food
    • 32. They would plant wheat which was no good for the weather conditions
    • 33. Some would kill their own children so they had more food to feed others or even themselves
    • 34. Cold weather lead to plague
    • 35. In 1351 25 million people had died 1/3 of the population the survivors suffered. They then believed the following neighbors had done witch craft so they started punishing people/ killing
  • Frontiers of the Americas
    • US doubled in size (Louisiana Purchase), a territory that would eventually become six states
    as well as portions of nine more,
    the price, $15 million or about 4 cents an acre.
    The people who were running the government did not want the Louisiana purchase.
    • Louisiana is a swampy land filled with savages and no significant commercial benefits it costs more to take care of it than the profits that they get from it,
    • 36. France decides to give Louisiana to Spain to thank them for coming to aid France's aid in the war.
  • Frontiers of the Americas
    • Spain's King Carlos III almost declines the offer, But then decides he could use it for silver mines in Mexico.
    • 37. Americans could be a threat to the Spanish. They start to grow in population. They settle in the Louisiana Spain and use the Mississippi river
    • 38. The Spanish fear the overtaking of Americans and want to secure the New Orleans port
    • 39. 1784, they close the lower Mississippi to foreigners.
    • 40. July 14, 1789,
    the American revolution
    • January 21, 1793, Louis XVI is beheaded
    • 41. Edmond Genets secret mission is to regain the glory France's monarchy squandered and reclaim Louisiana from Spain, his strategy to stir up the Americans out West
    • 42. George Washington Finds out/ US asks French Government to replace him
    Spain notices its importance to get along with Americans so opens the Port to New Orleands
    • March 4, 1801,
    Jefferson becomes the 3rd president of the US
  • 43. Frontiers of the Americas
    • Napoleon was extremely impulsive. Bonaparte was a man of a very powerful personality. Great solider monster in many ways.
    • 44. Napoleon's quest is to dominate,
    not just Europe, but the world
    • Spain grows weaker with KING, CARLOS IV.
    • 45. France wants Louisiana back
    • 46. Napoleon pressures Spain to exchange Louisiana for Italy, sigh a secret treaty giving Louisiana to Napoleon.
    (The TREATY OF SAN ILDEFONSO
    Carlos is suppose to get Louisianan back but does nothing to obtain it (Napoleon makes many promise he doesn't honor)
    Napoleon realizes he needs funds Decision is to offer the Americans
    the port of New Orleans, all Louisiana territory, everything from new Orleans up the Mississippi
    to present-day Canada and then over to the Rockies
  • 47. Crossroads of Freedom
    • Civil war or revolutions, the insurrectionary army must fight to gain control of land, and government.
    • 48. American Civil War, 11 states of confederacy established functioning government at Richmond.
    • 49. To win the war that began in with Confederate, the south needed to defend what was already possessed by the enemy invasion.
    • 50. Lincoln wanted to achieve the war to preserve the United States a whole nation. His armies would have to invade the Confederacy, defeat its armies, conquer and occupy its territory, and destroy its government.
    • 51. 1861 Union armies had victories.
    • 52. Navy bases covered North and South Carolinas coasts. Northern troops covered the Missouri, Kentucky and Maryland’s boarders.
    • 53. Bull Run July 1861 defeat.
  • Crossroads of Freedom
    • Northern sprits captured James Mason and John Slidell was could have caused another war, they were later let go.
    • 54. North had financial problems.
    • 55. After the Bull Run defeat he put General George B. McClellan in charge.
    • 56. McClellan was a very capable man although with time may to have suspicions of his loyalty to the Union.
    • 57. He then became sick and Lincoln replaced him, now asking advice from General Henry W. Halleck (commander of Missouri- headquarters in St. Louis) General Don Carlos Buell (commander of Ohio).
    • 58. Buell told Lincoln to move on Tennessee.
    • 59. The Southerners built Fort Henry on the Tennessee and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland where the rivers flow closely together.
    • 60. Grant planned to join army and navy to capture and take Union gunboat.
    • 61. Both we captured.
  • Crossroads of Freedom
    • They predicted the war would be over and the Union would be restored within a month.
    • 62. Later they realized it would take longer to defeat them.
    • 63. After the loss of Fort Donelson General Alert Sidney Johnson (conf.) sends troops to Corinth in northern Mississippi.
    • 64. Corinth becomes an objective and Halleck orders Grant’s
    and Buell’s armies to Tennessee River.
    • Johnson takes them by surprise in the battle.
    • 65. He dies and General Pierre G.T. Beauregard takes over.
    • 66. Beauregard sends a telegram “the battle had won.”
    • 67. Grant later surprises Beauregard and kills many of his men.
    Frustration and disappointment grow in the South.