How Is Change Influenced Law Reform

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How Is Change Influenced Law Reform

  1. 1. REASONS, INFLUENCES AND METHODS. Changing the law
  2. 2. Reasons for change <ul><li>Changing Values in society </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in society </li></ul><ul><li>Advances in technology </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of the community </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of rights </li></ul><ul><li>Access to the law </li></ul><ul><li>Generating changing values in society </li></ul>
  3. 3. How is change influenced? <ul><li>Pressure for changes to the law can come in a few different ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Most law reform comes from the parl and govt depts. </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure for change can be divided into 2 types: </li></ul><ul><li>Formal and Informal </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pressure to change <ul><li>Formal Law Reform Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary committees </li></ul><ul><li>ALRC </li></ul><ul><li>VLRC </li></ul><ul><li>Govt Inquiries </li></ul><ul><li>Informal pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure groups </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby groups </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul>
  5. 5. What methods are used to influence change <ul><li>Demonstrations and protests </li></ul><ul><li>Defiance </li></ul><ul><li>Petitions </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbying </li></ul><ul><li>Media- radio, TV, letters to the editor </li></ul><ul><li>Private members bill </li></ul><ul><li>You are to include a brief example for each of these. </li></ul>
  6. 6. VLRC <ul><li>What is there role and function? </li></ul><ul><li>It is an independent, govt funded body. Its role is to develop law reform in Vic. </li></ul><ul><li>It also monitors law reforms. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an advisory body to the govt. </li></ul><ul><li>It undertakes research and then makes recommendations to the AG. Read further pg 74. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How does it do this? <ul><li>The commission receives a reference from the Attorney-General </li></ul><ul><li>The commission’s staff undertake initial research and consultation with experts in the area being investigated. </li></ul><ul><li>An issues/discussion paper is published which explains the key issues and asks the community questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Submissions are invited from members of the public, community organisations, and any other interested groups. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Consultations are undertaken with members of the community, people working in the area. </li></ul><ul><li>The commission sometimes asks experts in a field to research the area </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes they publish this research as an occasional paper. </li></ul><ul><li>A report is published with recommendations for changes to the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes, if a project is very large or contains controversial or extensive recommendations for reform, the commission will publish an options paper or interim report </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>This gives people the chance to comment on possible recommendations. </li></ul><ul><li>The Attorney-General tables the report in parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament decides whether to implement the recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>(in whole or in part) through legislation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Defensive Homicide <ul><li>In 2001 the AG gave the VLRC the brief to investigated this area of law. </li></ul><ul><li>They worked through all the areas (as just outlined). </li></ul><ul><li>Link the process to the events in this investigation. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>With each of the following groups / individuals etc you need to outline: </li></ul><ul><li>How they influence change? </li></ul><ul><li>What exactly is the method? </li></ul><ul><li>How successful is the method? </li></ul><ul><li>An example of each method. </li></ul><ul><li>This is going to be reported to the class- today. </li></ul>Methods used to influence change
  12. 12. Pressure Groups <ul><li>Tom </li></ul><ul><li>A group of people who share the same views </li></ul><ul><li>Often formed because of a dissatisfaction with a particular law </li></ul><ul><li>There are 2 types of groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional groups- e.g trade unions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest groups – e.g Right to life Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Success depends on their influence on politicians </li></ul>
  13. 13. Demonstrations and protests. <ul><li>Charles </li></ul>
  14. 14. Defiance <ul><li>Murray </li></ul>
  15. 15. Petitions <ul><li>Dale </li></ul><ul><li>A petition is a formal, written request for government to change a law that is considered outdated. </li></ul><ul><li>With a collection of signatures gathered by supporters, the petition must be presented to the House of Reps. </li></ul><ul><li>The higher the amount of signatures, the higher the pressure for change, the extreme amounts of signatures are successful. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Abortion Legislation petition (Oct 2007) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Media <ul><li>Kimiora and Katie </li></ul>
  17. 17. Lobbying <ul><li>Ed  </li></ul><ul><li>Making requests to politicians or groups for their assistance in trying to influence change in the law. Individuals can also lobby for change in the law. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Bruce Clark has been campaigning to have the law changed to make it illegal for adults to give alcohol to under-age kids without parents permission. </li></ul><ul><li>There are some professional lobbyist in Canberra who are employed by individuals or groups to lobby members of the parliament. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Submissions to Law reform bodies <ul><li>Lauren </li></ul>
  19. 19. Courts changing the law <ul><li>Cassandra </li></ul>
  20. 20. Parliament changing the law responding to courts <ul><li>Kasey </li></ul>
  21. 21. Courts suggesting changes <ul><li>Sam </li></ul>
  22. 22. Private Members bills. <ul><li>Most of these bills are unsuccessful, however from time to time both parties may get behind a bill that has been introduced by a private member. </li></ul><ul><li>EG: Euthanasia Laws Act 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Some bills also get taken over by the govt and then are successful. </li></ul>
  23. 23. What hinders or hampers change? <ul><li>1. Our political system and the actual parties. </li></ul><ul><li>If one party has majority in both houses then they can do as they please. If they don’t then things can be held up. </li></ul><ul><li>2. conflicting views in society. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Money </li></ul><ul><li>4. the constitution and its limitations on states or C/W. </li></ul><ul><li>5. the courts. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Strengths and Weaknesses of Parliament. <ul><li>Complete the table and outline some details as to what the strengths and weaknesses of parl as a lawmaker are. </li></ul><ul><li>SAC 2. first day after the holidays. </li></ul>

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