Top economies of the world

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Top economies of the world

  1. 1. TOP 10 ECONOMIES OF THEWORLD 1
  2. 2. FIRSTLY WE WILL CLEAR YOU THECONCEPT OF ECONOMIC SYSTEM AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM IS THE COMBINATION OF THE VARIOUS AGENCIES OR EVEN SECTORS. THEY PROVIDE THE ECONOMIC STRUCTURE THAT GUIDES THE SOCIAL COMMUNITY . 2
  3. 3. FOUR TYPES OF ECONOMIES TRADITIONAL ECONOMIES COMMAND ECONOMIES CAPITALISTIC ECONOMIES MIXED ECONOMIES 3
  4. 4. TRADITIONAL ECONOMIES• TRADITIONAL ECONOMIES ARE FOUND IN RURAL , NON DEVELOPED COUNTRIES• SOME PART OF ASIA , AFRICA , SOUTH AMERICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST HAVE TRADITIONAL ECONOMIES• CUSTOMS GOVERN THE ECONOMIC DECISIONS THAT ARE MADE• TECNOLOGIES NOT USED IN TRADITIONAL ECONOMIES 4
  5. 5. CONT… FARMING , HUNTING ARE DONE IN THE SAME WAY AS THE GENERATION BEFORE ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ARE USUALLY CENTERED TOWARDS THE FAMILY OR ETHNIC UNIT MEN AND WOMEN ARE GIVEN DIFFERENT ECONOMIC ROLES AND TASKS 5
  6. 6. COMMAND ECONOMIES THE GOVERNMENT OR OTHER CENTRAL AUTHORITY MAKES DECISIONS AND DETERMINES HOW RESOURCES WILL BE USED CHANGE CAN OCCUR RELATIVELY EASILY LITTLE INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM NO COMPETITION BUSINESSES ARE NOT RUN TO CREATE A PROFIT 6
  7. 7. CONT…. CONSUMERS HAVE FEW CHOICES SHORTAGES DUE TO POORLY RUN FACTORIES AND FARMS GOVERNMENT DICTATES THE JOB IN WHICH YOU WORK GOVERNMENT SETS THE PRICE OF GOODS AND SERVICES EXAMPLES – CUBA , CHINA 7
  8. 8. CAPITALISTIC ECONOMIES RESOURCES ARE OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY INDIVIDUALS ECONOMIC DECISIONS MADE BY INDIVIDUALS COMPETING TO EARN PROFITS INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM CONSIDERED VERY IMPORTANT DECISIONS MADE BY THE BASIC PRINCIPELS OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND PROFIT IS MOTIVE COMPETITION AMONG BUSINESSES COMPETITION DETERMINES PRICE 8
  9. 9. MIXED ECONOMIES GOVERNMENT AND INDIVISUALS SHARE THE DECESION MAKING PROCESS. GOVERNMENT GUIDES AND REGULATES PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES OFFERED. INDIVISUALS OWN MEANS OF PRODUCTION. PROTECTS CONSUMERS AND WORKERS FROM UNFAIR POLICIES. MOST EFFECTIVE ECONOMY FOR PROVIDING GOODS AND SERVICES. 9
  10. 10. ITALY 10TH LARGEST ECONOMY OFWORLD 10
  11. 11. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS GDP- $2.055 TRILLION GDP GROWTH-1.1% GDP PER CAPITA-$35435 GDP BY SECTOR- AGRICULTURE(1.8%),INDUSTRY(24.9%),SERVICES(73.3% ) INFLATION-1.4% LABOUR FORCE-25.05 MILLION LABOUR FORCE BY OCCUPATION- SERVICES(65.1%),INDUSTRY- (30.7%),AGRICULTURE(4.2%) UNEMPLOYMENT-8.4% 11
  12. 12. MAIN INDUSTRIES TOURISM COMMUNICATION MACHINERY STEEL CHEMICALS MOTOR VEHICLES TEXTILES CLOTHING FASHION INDUSTRY 12
  13. 13. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(EXPORTS) EXPORTS-$458.4 BILLION EXPORT GOODS-ENGINERING PRODUCTS,TEXTILES,CLOTHING,PRODUCTION MACHINERY,FOOD,TOBACCO,MINERALS MAIN EXPORT PARTNERS- GERMANY(12.6%),FRANCE(11.57%),U.S.(5.92%),SPAI N(5.6%),U.K.(5.13%),SWITZERLAND(4.69%) 13
  14. 14. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(IMPORT) IMPORTS-$459.7 BILLION IMPORT GOODS-ENGINEERING PRODUCTS,CHEMICALS,TRANSPORT,EQUIPMENT, MINERALS,TEXTILES,CLOTHING,FOOD,TOBACCO MAIN IMPORT PARTNERS- GERMANY(16.68%),FRANCE(8.82%),CHINA(6.53%), NETHERLAND(5.63%),SPAIN(4.3%),RUSSIA(4.12%),B ELGIUM(4.08%) 14
  15. 15. PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC DEBT-118%OF GDP REVENUES-$960.1BILLION EXPENSES-$1.068TRILLION FOREIGN RESERVES-US$165.796BILLION 15
  16. 16. FACTS AND FIGURES OF ITALY IT HAS DIVERSIFIED INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY HIGH GDP PER CAPITA DEVELOPED INFRASTRUCTURE 16
  17. 17. FINANCIAL AND BANKING SYSTEM• BANKING IN ITALY HAS AN AVERAGE ASSETS/LIABILITIES RATIO OF 12-1• BANK’S SHORT TERM LIABILITIES ARE EQUAL TO 86% OF GDP 17
  18. 18. ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE BASKET OFITALY LEADING COUNTRY IN WORLD TRADE AND EXPORT ENJOYS VERY HIGH STANDARD OF LIVING 8TH HIGHEST QUALITY OF LIFE 4TH LARGEST GOLD RESERVE WORLDS LARGEST WINE PRODUCER CREATIVE AND HIGH QUALITY AUTOMOBILE 18
  19. 19. WEAKNESS OF ECONOMY LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT LACK OF MARKET REFORMS LACK OF RESEARCH INVESTMENT HIGH PUBLIC DEFICIT HIGH RATE OF CORRUPTION 19
  20. 20. FRANCE – 9TH LARGEST ECONOMYIN THE WORLD 20
  21. 21. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS GDP - $2.113 TRILLION GDP GROWTH – 1.6% GDP PER CAPITA -$38016 GDP BY SECTOR – AGRICULTURE(2.1%) , INDUSTRY(19%) , SERVICES (78.9%) INFLATION (CPI) – 1.5% LABOUR FORCE -28.21 MILLION LABOUR FORCE BY OCCUPATION – SERVICES (71.8%) , INDUSTRY (24.3%) , AGRICULTURE (3.8%) UNEMPLOYMENT – 9.6% 21
  22. 22. MAIN INDUSTRIES MACHINERY CHEMICALS AUTOMOBILES AIRCRAFT ELECTRONICS TEXTILES FOOD PROCESSING TOURISM 22
  23. 23. EXTERNAL STATISTICS-EXPORTS EXPORTS-$508.75BILLION EXPORT GOODS-MACHINERY&TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT,AIRCRAFT,PLASTICS,CHEMICAL,IRON &STEEL,BEVERAGES,ELECTRONICS. MAIN EXPORT PARTNERS- GERMANY(15.88%),ITALY(8.16%),SPAIN(7.8%),BELGI UM(7.44%),U.K.(7.04%),U.S.(5.65%),NETHRRLANS (3.99%) 23
  24. 24. EXTERNAL STATISTICS-IMPORTS IMPORTS-$577.7 BILLION IMPORT GOODS-MACHINERY&EQUIPMENTS, VEHICLES , CRUDE OIL , AIRCRAFT , PLASTICS , CHEMICALS . MAIN IMPORT PARTNERS – GERMANY(19.41%) , BELGIUM (11.61%) , ITALY(7.97%) , NETHERLANDS(7.15%) , SPAIN(6.68%) , UK (4.9%) , US(4.72%) , CHINA(4.44%) 24
  25. 25. PUBLIC FINANCES PUBLIC DEBT – 83.5% OF GDP REVENUES - $1.241TRILLION EXPENSES - $1.441 TRILLION FOREIGN RESERVES – US $ 191.689 BILLION 25
  26. 26. OVERVIEW OF FRANCE ECONOMY FRANCE RANKS 4TH IN THE FORTUNE GLOBAL 500 AXA – WORLDS LARGEST INSURANCE COMPANY AIR FRANCE – WORLDS LARGEST AIRLINE COMPANY IN INCOMES 2ND LARGEST RECIPIENT OF FDI 26
  27. 27. SECTORS OF ECONOMY INDUSTRY ENERGY AGRICULTURE TOURISM-THE PALACE OF VERSAILLES IS ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR TOURIST DESTINATION IN FRANCE WEAPONS INDUSTRY 27
  28. 28. U.K…8TH largest economy in theworld 28
  29. 29. STATISTICAL ANALYISIS GDP-$2.25 TRILLION GDP GROWTH-0.2% GDP PER CAPITA-$36,120 GDP BY SECTOR- AGRICULTURE(0.9%),INDUSTRY(22.1%),SERVICES(7 7.1%) INFLATION(CPI)-4.5%(AUG 2011) LABOUR FORCE-31.45 MILLION UNEMPLOYMENT-8.1% 29
  30. 30. MAIN INDUSTRIES AGRICULTURE FISHING CONSTRUCTION ELETRICITY,GAS AND WATER SUPPLY MANUFACTURING MINING SERVICES EDUCATION ON HEALTH FINANCIAL SERVICES HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS TOURISM TRANSPORT REAL ESTATE 30
  31. 31. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(EXPORTS) EXPORTS-£428.6 BILLION EXPORT GOODS-MANUFACTURED GOODS,FUELS,CHEMICALS,BEVERAGES,TOBACCO MAIN EXPORT PARTNERS-UNITED STATES(14.3%),GERMANY(10.5%),NETHERLAND(8% ),FRANCE(7.2%),IRELAND(6%),BELGIUM(5.1%),SPAI N(3.7%),ITALY(3.3%),CHINA(3.2%) 31
  32. 32. EXTERNAL STATISTICS (IMPORTS) IMPORTS- £477.9BILLION IMPORT GOODS-MANUFACTURED GOODS,MACHINERY,FUELS,FOOD STUFF MAIN IMPORT PARTNERS- GERMANY(12.5%),CHINA(8.4%),US(7.6%),NETHERL AND(7.3%),FRANCE(6%),NORWAY(5.7%),BELGIUM( 5%),ITALY(3.9%),IRELAND(3.4%) 32
  33. 33. PUBLIC FINANCES PUBLIC DEBT-76.5% OF GDP REVENUES- £514.6 BILLION EXPENSES- £669.3 BILLION FOREIGN RESERVES-$66.72 BILLION 33
  34. 34. UK’S GROWTH –WHERE IT COMESFROM AEROSPACE INDUSTRY-2 ND LARGEST PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY NORTH SEA OIL AND GAS RESERVE-ESTIMATED VALUE £250 BILLION 34
  35. 35. ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE BASKET OFU.K. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT WORLD BANK WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION(WTO) UNITED NATIONS 35
  36. 36. FINANCIAL AND BANKING SYSTEM BANK OF ENGLAND-CENTRAL BANK(ISSUING CURRENCY) POUND STERLING IS ALSO USED AS RESERVE CURRENCY BY OTHER GOVT. AND INSTITUTIONS 36
  37. 37. BRAZIL…7thnd largest economy inthe world 7TH LARGEST BY NOMINAL GDP AND 8TH LARGEST BY PURCHASING POWER PARITY ECONOMIC SYSTEM OF BRAZIL- EXPORT MANUFACTURED AND SEMI MANUFACTURED GOODS(60%)
  38. 38. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF BRAZIL1. GDP- $2.09 trillion2. GDP GROWTH- 7.5%(2010)3. GDP PER CAPITA- $10471(2010)4. GDP BY SECTOR- INDUSTRY(26.8%),SERVICES(67.4%),AGRICULTURE(5.8%)5. INFLATION(CPI)- 4.44%(AUG2010)6. LABOUR FORCE- 103.6 million7. LABOUR FORCE PARTNERS- AGRICULTURE(20%),INDUSTRY(14%),SERVICES(66%)8. UNEMPLOMENT- 5.7%(2010)
  39. 39. MAIN INDUSTRIES AEROLPANES STEEL, IRON ORE, COAL MACHINE BUILDING, ARMAMANTS, TEXTILE and APPARALS PETROLEUM, CEMENTS, CHEMICALS,FERTILZERS, CONSUMER PRODUCTS INCLUDING FOOTWEAR , TOYS, AND ELECTRONICS,FOOD PROCESSING,TRANSPORTATION, EQUIPMENTS INCLUDING AUTOMOBILES ,RAIL CARS AND LOCOMOTIVE SHIPS AND AIRCRAFT, electronics
  40. 40. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(EXPORTS) EXPORTS-US$201.9 BILLION EXPORT GOODS- TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT , MACHINERY,STEEL, AIRPLANES, PAPER,ELECTRIC, MACHINERY,IRON ORE, SOYBEANS, FOOTWEAR, COFFEE, AUTOS, AUTOMOTIVE PARTS, MACHINERY EXPORT PARTNERS- CHINA 15.3% , US 9.6% , ARGENTINA 9.2%, NETHERLAN 5.1%, GERMANY 4.0%(2010)
  41. 41. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(IMPORTS) IMPORTS-US$ 187.7BILLION IMPORT GOODS-MACHINERY, ELECTRICAL AND TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT ,CHEMICAL PRODUCTS, OIL, AUTOMOTIVE PARTS, ELECTRONICS IMPORTPARTNERS –US 15.0%,CHINA 14.1%, ARGENTINA 7.9%, GERMANY 6.9%,JAPAN 3.8%
  42. 42. FACTS AND FIGURES OF BRAZIL’SECONOMY FASTEST GROWING MAJOR ECONOMY-GROWTH RATES AT 5% PREDICTED TO BECOME ONE OF THE FIVE LARGEST ECONOMIES OF THE WORLD SERVICE SECTOR IS THE LARGEST COMPONENT OF GDP SECOND LARGEST BIGGEST INDUSTRIAL SECTOR IN AMERICAS.
  43. 43. PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC DEBT- 41.4% OF GDP REVENUES- $464.4 BILLION EXPENSES- $552.6 BILLION FOREIGN RESERVES- $350 BILLION(sept 2011)
  44. 44. RUSSIA 6TH LARGEST ECONOMY OFWORLD 44
  45. 45. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS GDP-1.456 TRILLION GDP GROWTH-4.9% GDP PER CAPITA-$10521 GDP BY SECTOR- AGRICULTRE(4%),INDUSTRY(36.8%),SERVICES(59.1%) INFLATION(CPI)-6.7% LABOUR FORCE-75.55 MILLION LABOUR FORCE BY OCCUPATION- AGRICULTURE(10%),INDUSTRY(31.9%),SERVICES(58.1%) UNEMPLOYMENT-6.7% 45
  46. 46. MAIN INDUSTRIES MINING AND EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRY OIL,GAS AND CHEMICAL METAL ROAD AND RAIL TRANSPORTATION COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT AGRICULTURE MACHINERY TRACTORS MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS TEXTILES FOOD STUFF 46
  47. 47. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(EXPORT) EXPORTS-$376.7BILLION EXPORT GOODS-PETROLEUM,NATURAL GAS,WOOD,MILITARY MANUFACTURERS EXPORT PARTNERS- NETHERLAND(10.62%),ITALY(6.46%),GERMANY(6.2 4%),CHINA(5.69%),TURKEY(4.3%),UKRAINE(4.01%), 47
  48. 48. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(IMPORTS) IMPORTS-$237.3 BILLION IMPORT GOODS- MACHINERY,VEHICLE.PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS,MEAT,FRUITS,NUTS,IRON,STEEL IMPORT PARTNERS- GERMANY(14.39%),CHINA(13.98%),UKRAINE(5.48% ),ITALY(4.84%),U.S.(4.46%) 48
  49. 49. PUBLIC FINANCES PUBLIC DEBT-9.5%OF GDP REVENUES-$202.7BILLION EXPENSES-$301.4BILLION FOREIGN RESERVES-US$502.496 BILLION 49
  50. 50. ACHIEVEMENTS DUE TO ECONOMY ABUNDANCE OF NATURAL GAS,OIL ABUNDANCE OF COAL ABUNDANCE OF PRECIOUS METAL RICH IN AGRICULTURE NOT MUCH AFFECTED BY RECESSION 50
  51. 51. MAJOR REFORMS DUE TOMR.VLADIMIR PUTIN GDP DOUBLED CLIMBING FROM 22ND TO 11TH LARGEST MAKING IT 6TH LARGEST ECONOMY IN THE WORLD INDUSTRY GREW BY 75% INVESTMENT INCREASED BY 125% REAL INCOME DOUBLED 51
  52. 52. RUSSIA’S ECONOMIC GROWTH ARM SALES INCREASED IT INDUSTRY GROWTH 3RD BIGGEST DESTINATION FOR OUTSOURCING SOFTWARE CIVILIAN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY HAS DEVELOPED(SUKHOI SUPERJET) 52
  53. 53. GERMANY…5th largest economy inthe world SOCIAL MARKET ECONOMY SINCE INDUSTRIALISATION, THE COUNTRY HAS BEEN A DRIVER , INNOVATOR. EXPORTS ACCOUNT FOR MORE THAN ONE THIRD OF NATIONAL OUTPUT FIFTH LARGEST CONSUMER OF ENERGY TRANSPORTATION HUB(CENTRAL POSITION IN EUROPE)
  54. 54. FACTS AND FIGURES OFGERMANY’S ECONOMY POOR IN RAW MATERIALS SECOND LARGEST EXPORTER WITH $1.120 TRILLION (2009) OIL AND NATURAL GAS ND OTHER RESOURCES ARE IMPORTED
  55. 55. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OFGERMANY1. GDP- $3.306trillion2. GDP GROWTH- 3.6%(2010)3. GDP PER CAPITA- $44.729(2010)4. GDP BY SECTOR- INDUSTRY(27.9%),SERVICES(71.3%),AGRICULTURE(0.8%)5. INFLATION(CPI)- 1.3%( OCT2010)6. LABOUR FORCE- 43.51 million7. LABOUR FORCE PARTNERS- AGRICULTURE(2.4%),INDUSTRY(29.7%),SERVICES(67.8%)8. UNEMPLOMENT- 6.0%( AUG2010)
  56. 56. MAIN INDUSTRIES IRON ,STELL, COAL CEMENT, CHEMICALS MACHINERY, VEHICLES, MACHINE TOOLS ELECTRONICS, FOOD AND BEVERAGES SHIPBUILDING,TEXTILES
  57. 57. IMPACT OF RISE IN ECONOMY MODERNISATION AND INTERGRATION SCHEDULTED TO LAST TILL 2019 . ANNUAL TRANSFER FROM WEST TO EAST IS$180 BILLION. UNEMPLOYMENT RATE FCONSISTENTLY FALLEN SINCE 2005 AND REACHED 15 YEAR LOW IN JUNE 2008
  58. 58. EXTERN AL STATISTICS(EXPORTS) EXPORTS- 1.46 TRILLION EXPORT GOODS- MACHINERY ,VEHICLES, CHEMICALS, METALS, AND MANUFACTURES,FOODSTUFF, TEXTILE EXPORT PARTNERS- CHINA 8.2 % , US 5.9% , FRANCE 8.2%, NETHERLAND 8.5%, ITALY 5.9%,U.K 4.9%, BELGIUM 4.3%, AUSTRAI 4.3%, SWITZERLAND 4.2%(2009)
  59. 59. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(IMPORTS) IMPORTS-US$ 187.7BILLION IMPORT GOODS- MACHINERY , VEHICLES , CHEMICALS, FOODSTUFF,, TEXTILES, METALS. IMPORT PARTNERS –CHINA 8.2 % , US 5.9% , FRANCE 8.2%, NETHERLAND 8.5%, ITALY 5.9%,U.K 4.9%, BELGIUM 4.3%, AUSTRAI 4.3%, SWITZERLAND 4.2%(2009)
  60. 60. PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC DEBT- 78.8% OF GDP REVENUES- $1.396TRILLION EXPENSES- $1.516 BILLION FOREIGN RESERVES- $233.813 BILLION(APRIL 2011)
  61. 61. GERMANY’S GROWTH-WHERE ITCOMES FROM PRIMARY SECTOR AGRICULTURE FORESTRY MINING INDUSTRY SECTOR AUTOMOBILE MACHINERY TERTIARY SECTOR FINANCIAL RENTING BUSINESS ACTIVITIES(30.5) TRADE, HOTEL, RESTAUTRANTS AND TRANSPORT(18%)
  62. 62. PROBLEMS WITH THE ECONOMY TERITARY SECTOR NEEDS EXPANSION
  63. 63. INDIA – 4TH LARGEST ECONOMY INTHE WORLD 63
  64. 64. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS GDP -$ 4.042 TRILLION GDP GROWTH – 9.0% GDP PER CAPITA -$ 3700 GDP BY SECTOR – AGRICULTURE (19.9%) INFLATION (CPI) – 5.3% LABOUR FORCE _ 509.3 MILLION LABOUR FORCE BY OCCUPATION – AGRICULTURE (60%) , INDUSTRY (12%) , SERVICES (28%) UNEMPLOYMENT _ 7.8% 64
  65. 65. MAIN INDUSTRIES TEXTILES CHEMICALS FOOD PROCESSING STEEL TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT CEMENT MINING PETROLEIUM MACHINERY SOFTWARE 65
  66. 66. EXTERNAL STATISTICS/ EXPORTS EXPORTS- $102 BILLION EXPORT GOODS – TEXTILE GOODS , GEMS AND JEWELRY , ENGINEERING GOODS, CHEMICALS, LEATHER MANUFACTURERS MAIN PARTNERS – US(18%) , CHINA (8.9%) , U.A.E(8.4%) , U.K.(4.7%), HONGKONG(4.2%). 66
  67. 67. EXTERNAL STATISTICS/ IMPORTS IMPORTS - $187.9 BILLION IMPORTS GOODS – CRUDE OIL , MACHINERY , FERTILIZERS, CHEMICALS MAIN PARTNERS – CHINA(7.2%) , U.S.(6.4%), BELGIUM (5.1%) , SINGAPORE (4.7%), AUSTRALIA(4.2%) , GERMANY(4.2%) , U.K.(4.1%) 67
  68. 68. PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC DEBT -$ 132.1 BILLION REVENUES -$109.4 BILLION EXPENSES – $ 143.8 BILLION 68
  69. 69. OVERVIEW OF INDIAN ECONOMY 2ND FASTEST GROWING ECONOMY ECONOMY IS DIVERSE 2/3RD OF INDIAN WORKFORCE EARN LIVELIHOOD DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY THROUGH AGRICULTURE LARGE EDUCATED YOUTH IS ACTING AS AN IMPORTANT “ BACK –OFFICE” DESTINATION FOR GLOBAL COMPANIES BASICALLY FOLLOWING THE POLICY OF LPG MADE UP IN EARLY 1990S THE B.S.E IS ONE OF THE LARGEST STOCK MARKETS IN INDIA.ITS INDEX IS USED TO GAUGE THE STRENGTH OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY 69
  70. 70. BANKING AND FINANCE TYPES OF BANKS1. PUBLIC BANKS - 272. PRIVATE BANKS - 403. COOPERATIVE BANKS4. FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS• TOTAL DEPOSITS ARE 1360724 CRORES• PROFITABILITY OF BANKS IS 15% 70
  71. 71. WHY INDIAN ECONOMY ISSUFFERING? CORRUPTION UNEMPLOYMENT REGIONAL IMBALANCES 71
  72. 72. FORIEN DIRECT INVESTMENT ININDIA MOST PREFFERD DESTINATION STRENGTH IN I.T. , CHEMICAL , APPAREL, JEWELLRY. ETC ALWAYS HELD PROMISE FOR GLOBAL INVESTORS LARGE POOL OF SKILLED MANAGERIAL AND TECHNICAL EXPERTIES F.D.I POLICY (2005) ALLOWS UPTO 100% FDI STAKE IN VENTURES 72
  73. 73. JAPAN-3RD largest economy of theworld 73
  74. 74. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS GDP-$5.458 TRILLION GDP GROWTH-0.3% GDP PER CAPITA-$42,820 GDP BY SECTOR- AGRICULTURE(1.5%),INDUSTRY(22.3%),SERVICES(75.7% ) INFLATION(CPI)-0.3% LABOUR FORCE-65.64 MILLION LABOUR FORCE BY OCCUPATION- AGRICULTURE(4%),INDUSTRY(28%),SERVICES(68%) UNEMPLOYEMENT-4.7% 74
  75. 75. MAIN INDUSTRIES TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT ELECTRONICS CHEMICALS STEEL MACHINE TOOLS PROCESSED FOODS NON-FERROUS METALS 75
  76. 76. EXTERNAL STATISTICS-EXPORTS EXPORTS-$765.2BILLION MAIN EXPORT PARTNERS- CHINA(18.88%),USA(16.42%),SOUTH KOREA(8.13%), TAIWAN(6.27%),HONGKONG(5.49%) 76
  77. 77. EXTERNAL STATISTICS-IMPORTS IMPORTS-$636.8 BILLION MAIN IMPORT PARTNERS- CHINA(22.2%),USA(10.96%),AUSTRALIA(6.29%),SA UDI ARABIA(5.29%),UAE(4.12%),SOUTH KOREA(3.98%),INDONESIA(3.95%), 77
  78. 78. PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC DEBT-$10.55 TRILLION REVENUES-$1.638 TRILLION EXPENSES-$2.16 TRILLION FOREIGN RESERVES-US$1.154 TRILLION 78
  79. 79. CHINA…2nd largest economy in theworld ECONOMIC SYSTEM OF CHINA-COMMUNIST (BEST EXAMPLE OF STATE CAPITALISM TODAY) CHINA’S FOREIGN TRADE GROWN FASTER THAN ITS GDP FOR PAST 25 YEARS 79
  80. 80. FACTS AND FIGURES OF CHINA’SECONOMY FASTEST GROWING MAJOR ECONOMY-GROWTH RATES (10% APP..)FROM PAST 30 YEARS LARGEST EXPORTER OF GOODS SECOND LARGEST IMPORTER OF GOODS 80
  81. 81. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF CHINA1. GDP- $5.93 trillion2. GDP GROWTH- 10.40%3. GDP PER CAPITA- $43824. GDP BY SECTOR- INDUSTRY(46.8%),SERVICES(43.6%),AGRICULTURE(9. 6%)5. INFLATION(CPI)- 4.9%6. LABOUR FORCE- 780 million7. LABOUR FORCE PARTNERS- AGRICULTURE(39.5%),INDUSTRY(27.2%),SERVICES(33. 2%)8. UNEMPLOMENT- 4.2% 81
  82. 82. MAIN INDUSTRIES MINING AND ORE PROCESSING IRON,STEEL,ALUMINIUM AND OTHER METALS COAL,PETROLEUM TEXTILES AND APPAREL CHEMICALS,FERTILIZERS TRANSPORT EQUIPMENTS(AUTOMOBILES,RAIL CAR,LOCOMOTIVES,SHIPS AND AIRCRAFT) TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT CONSUMER PRODUCTS(FOOTWEAR,TOYS,ELECTRONICS) COMMERCIAL SPACE LAUNCH VEHICLES,SATELLITES 82
  83. 83. IMPACT OF RISE IN ECONOMY LEAD TO STEADY GROWTH IN INVESTMENT,CONSUMPTION AND STANDARD OF LIVING. POVERTY RATE FELL FROM 53%(1987)TO 2.5%(2010) INFANT MORTALITY RATE FELL BY 39.5%(1990- 2010) ACCESS TO TELEPHONES ROSE TO 94-FOLD TO 57.1% 83
  84. 84. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(EXPORTS) EXPORTS-US$1.581 TRILLION EXPORT GOODS-ELECTRICAL AND OTHER MACHINERY,INCLUDING DATA PROCESSING EQUIPMENT,APPAREL,TEXTILE,IRON AND STEEL,OPTICAL AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MAIN EXPORT PARTNERS-US-20.03%,HONKONG- 12.03%,JAPAN-8.32%,SOUTH KOREA- 4.55%,GERMANY-4.27% 84
  85. 85. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(IMPORTS) IMPORTS-US$1.327 TRILLION IMPORT GOODS-ELECTRICAL AND OTHER MACHINERY,OIL AND MINERAL FUELS,OPTICAL AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS,METAL ORES,PLASTICS,ORGANIC CHEMICALS MAIN IMPORT PARTNERS- JAPAN(12.27%),HONGKONG(10.06%),SOUTH KOREA (9.04%),US(7.66%),TAIWAN(6.84%),GERMANY(5.54 %) 85
  86. 86. PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC DEBT- 17.5% OF GDP REVENUES- $1.149 TRILLION EXPENSES- $1.27 TRILLION FOREIGN RESERVES- $3.20 TRILLION 86
  87. 87. CHINA’S GROWTH-WHERE ITCOMES FROM PRIVATE SECTOR INFRASTRUCTURE HEAVY INDUSTRIES EXPANSION IN LIGHT INDUSTRY PUBLIC SECTOR UTILITIES HEAVY INDUSTRIES ENERGY RESOURCES 87
  88. 88. PROBLEMS WITH THE ECONOMY CORRUPTION ECONOMIC CRIMES UNEMPLOYMENT ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION LACK OF YOUTH LABOUR FORCE INFLATION 88
  89. 89. FINANCIAL AND BANKING SYSTEM FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS-STATE OWNED CHIEF INSTRUMENT OF FINANCIAL AND FISCAL CONTROL-PEOPLE’S BANK OF CHINA,MINISTRY OF FINANCE CHINA DEVELOPMENT BANK-FUNDS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND DIRECT FOREIGN INVESTMENT AGRICULTURE BANK OF CHINA(FUNDS FOR AGRICULTURE SECTOR) CHINA CONSTRUCTION BANK INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL BANK 89
  90. 90. US…1st largest economy in theworld 1ST LARGEST BY NOMINAL GDP AND 5TH LARGEST BY PURCHASING POWER PARITY CAPITALIST ECONOMY LOW LEVEL OF REGULATION AND GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT. PRIVATE SECTOR TO MAKE THE MAJORITY OF ECONOMIC DECISION IN DETERMINING THE SCALE OF WHAT THE US ECONOMY PRODUCES
  91. 91. FACTS AND FIGURES OF USECONOMY GDP PER CAPITA IS HIGHER THAN MOST OTHER DEVELOPED COUNTRIES. THE LABOR MARKET HAS ATTRACTED IMMIGRANTS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD NET MIGRATION RATE IS HIGHEST
  92. 92. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF US1. GDP- $15.027 trillion(2011)2. GDP GROWTH- 3.0%(2010)3. GDP BY SECTOR- INDUSTRY(21.9%),SERVICES(76.9%),AGRICULTUR E(1.2%)4. INFLATION(CPI)- 3.8%( AUG2010)5. LABOUR FORCE- 154.5million6. UNEMPLOMENT- 9.1 %( oct 2011)
  93. 93. MAIN INDUSTRIES PETROLEUM STEEL MOTOR VEHICLES AEROSPACE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CHEMICALS CREATIVE INDUSTRIES ELECTRONICS FOOD PROCESSIING
  94. 94. IMPACT OF RISE IN ECONOMY LEAD TO STEADY GROWTH IN INVESTMENT,CONSUMPTION AND STANDARD OF LIVING. POVERTY RATE FELL FROM 53%(1987)TO 2.5%(2005) INFANT MORTALITY RATE FELL BY 39.5%(1990-2005) ACCESS TO TELEPHONES ROSE TO 94-FOLD TO 57.1%
  95. 95. EXTERN AL STATISTICS(EXPORTS) EXPORTS- 1.46 TRILLION EXPORT GOODS- AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS, INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES, CAPITAL GOODS( MOTOR VEHICLES PARTS, COMPUTERS), CONSUMER GOOD(AUTOMOBILES,MEDICINES) EXPORT PARTNERS- CANADA 13.2%,MEXICO 8.3%, CHINA 4.3%, JAPAN 3.3%
  96. 96. EXTERNAL STATISTICS(IMPORTS) IMPORTS-US$ 1.948 BILLION IMPORT GOODS- AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS,INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES(CRUDE OIL), CAPITAL GOODS(COMPUTERS ,TELECOMMUNICATIONEQUIPMENTS, MOTOR VEHICAL PARTS,OFFICE MACHINES,ELECTRIC POWER MACHINERY ) CONSUMER GOODS-(AUTOMOBILES , CLOTHING, MEDICINES, FURNITURE, TOYS) IMPORT PARTNERS –CHINA 15.4 % , CANADA 11.6% , MEXICO 9.1%, JAPAN 4.9%, GERMANY 3.7%
  97. 97. PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC DEBT- 98%% OF GDP REVENUES- $2.162TRILLION EXPENSES- $3.456 BILLION FOREIGN RESERVES- US$140.607 BILLION( MAY 2011)
  98. 98. PROBLEMS WITH THE ECONOMY MASSIVELY IN DEBT LACK SAVINGS TRADE DEFICITS( CONSUMING MORE, INCREASED FOREIGN INVESTORS ) STAGNANT WAGES

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