Theme 4 part 2 english in north america


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Theme 4 part 2 english in north america

  1. 1. Theme 4: Part 2 The English in North America By Cruz Major
  2. 2. American Colonies 12- Middle Colonies <ul><li>During the early 17th century, the English developed two distinct and populous clusters of settlements along the Atlantic seaboard: the Chesapeake Colony to the south and New England Colony to the north </li></ul><ul><li>Until the mid-17 th century, the English neglected to develop the mid-Atlantic coast </li></ul><ul><li>Labeled the “Middle Colonies” due to their location between the English colonies of Chesapeake, and New England </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Colonies 12- Middle Colonies <ul><li>As the English grew more powerful in the mid-17 th century they became envious of the Dutch and their wealth </li></ul><ul><li>King Charles II hoped to build English power by expanding growth in America </li></ul><ul><li>By conquering New Netherlands, King Charles II hoped to strengthen England's commerce by weakening its principal rival, the Dutch empire </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Colonies 12- Middle Colonies <ul><li>A conquest over the Dutch also promised increased crown control over England's fractious colonies </li></ul><ul><li>The English monarch exercised little power over the American colonies </li></ul><ul><li>During the early 17th century, the under funded English crown had lacked the means to launch and administer distant colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Instead the crown entrusted early colonization to private interests licensed by royal charters, which awarded the proprietors both title to colonial land and the right to govern the colonists </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Colonies 12- Middle Colonies <ul><li>English immigration to the new colonies in North America was much greater than other European countries </li></ul><ul><li>This was mainly due to the bad economy in England and religious strife </li></ul><ul><li>Also, England permitted its discontented freer access to its overseas colonies and greater incentives for settling there </li></ul><ul><li>The English crown wanted greater numbers of its people to immigrate and settle in the newly established colonies because that in turn would create more wealth and power for England </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Colonies 8-New England <ul><li>Puritans settled in New England </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans were a radical religious sect who opposed the Church of England, and actively sought to reform it </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of complicated rituals and traditions, the Puritans longed for a more simplistic and personal relationship with God by encouraging people to read the Bible and form prayer groups </li></ul>
  7. 7. American Colonies 8-New England <ul><li>In the New England colony, Puritans believed that poor soil for farming would bring them closer to God, while nutrient rich soil corrupted the mind and body </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritan doctrine worked to appease hard-working people in teaching diligence, discipline, and humility </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritans more northern location distanced New England residents from many diseases that were common in other colonies like Virginia </li></ul>
  8. 8. American Colonies 8-New England <ul><li>In New England, despite not having a valuable crop to cultivate and sell for a profit like that of Chesapeake's tobacco product, they improvised by making use of what they did have—timber </li></ul><ul><li>The New Englanders had massive amounts of timber at their disposal in the dense forests of northeastern America, and so they developed numerous shipyards </li></ul><ul><li>Building countless ships fueled another source of wealth in fishing and maritime transportation </li></ul>
  9. 9. American Colonies 8-New England <ul><li>New England's economy was propelled not by one crop and a group of aristocrats, but through their resourcefulness, social equality, and intensive labor </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts was known as the Bible Commonwealth because it, more than any other New England colony, had incorporated scripture into society by using it as the template for laws and government </li></ul><ul><li>The cooler climate and rapid streams found in the New England colonies resisted the dysentery and malaria that was rampant in Chesapeake, and the New England population was able to multiply much faster as a result </li></ul>