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    Theme 4 part 1 Theme 4 part 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Theme 4: Part 1 The French in North America By Cruz Major
    • American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia
      • The French attempted to settle along the St. Lawrence river but then settled at the mouth of the river
      • The two major Indian cultures of northeastern North America were the Algonquian and Iroquoian peoples
      • The Algonquian were allies of the French while the Iroquoian were enemies of the French
      • The fur trade was a great source of profit for the French colonists, and unlike gold, silver, and other precious metals it was easily transportable
      • Additionally, the fur trade bypassed violent conflicts with the Indians due to the fact that fur trading was a mutually agreeable transaction that relied on no forced labor or violent coercion that was necessary in the production of gold and silver.
    • American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia
      • The Five Nations Iroquois was a violent band of Iroquois tribes that united during the sixteenth century after many years of brutal conflict
      • The Five Nations waged war on other Iroquois speaking tribes that refused to join
      • The introduction of firearms revolutionized Indian warfare as the natives recognized the uselessness of wooden amour and the folly of massed formations
    • American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia
      • The biggest enemy of the French was the Dutch settlers
      • The French came to depend upon Iroquois hostility as a barrier that kept the northern Indians from traveling south to trade with the Dutch
      • The French recognized that they could not compete with the quality, or quantity, or price of the Dutch trade goods
      • Southern Iroquois feared they would lose Dutch suppliers to northern tribes who had better access to finer furs
    • American Colonies 5-Canada and Iroquoia
      • The logistics of Native Indian life were completely altered with the arrival of European weapons and tools
      • Many natives lost the art of making tools and weapons
      • As a result they became heavily reliant on European settlers
    • American Colonies 16-French Colonies
      • The French heavily relied on natives for protection as the English started colonizing more
      • French colonies in Louisiana suffered from droughts, floods, underproduction of crops, and a bad economy
      • Louisiana was the least profitable French colony
    • American Colonies 16-French Colonies
      • Around 1701 the French defeated the Iroquois Indians
      • Despite the fact that peasants of New France lived better lives than peasants in France, it was difficult for French people to emigrate to New France
      • French policy placed restrictions on emigration to New France and often people were to poor to make the journey to North America
    • American Colonies 16-French Colonies
      • The Choctaw alliance was signed between the French and Native Indians after many years of fighting
      • Colonial government was divided by the French crown between Governor General, Intendant, and the Bishop
      • Their was no religious tolerance in New France
      • The French crown allowed Catholicism
    • American Colonies 16-French Colonies
      • The French colonies never achieved success
      • French tried to stop English expansion in North America but failed to do so