The jesuit relations


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The jesuit relations

  1. 1. The Jesuit Relations Nadya Dooley 12/13/10
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The Society of Jesus was established in 1534 </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuits, who were members of this order, took vows of poverty and obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of taking refuge from profane influences by retreating, they went out to conquer the secular world </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Every Jesuit was a college teacher some time in his career </li></ul><ul><li>From the start, missions abroad to convert the “heretics” and “heathens” were the Jesuits plans </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuits published annual Relations for their audiences </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 1- Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands <ul><li>The first published Jesuit Relations were written by Father Paul Le Jeune </li></ul><ul><li>The Algonquin-Montagnais interested the Jesuits because they believed that all things possessed living spirits </li></ul><ul><li>This is known as “animism” </li></ul>Father Paul Le Jeune
  5. 5. Chapter 1- Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands <ul><li>Paul Le Jeune journalized his encounters with the Montagnais Indians </li></ul><ul><li>He learned that they were very attached to each other and cooperative. They wouldn’t quarrel </li></ul><ul><li>They believed that a being called Atahocam created the world </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians would not harshly punish their children </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 2- Jean de Brébeuf on the Hurons <ul><li>The Hurons are the best documented native North Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Huron means “rough hair” </li></ul><ul><li>Jean de Brébeuf wrote about the language of the Hurons: the greater part of their words was composed of vowels. All their words were universally conjugated. They had different verbs for living things and inanimate objects. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 2- Jean de Bréfeuf on the Hurons <ul><li>The Hurons had many myths about their past </li></ul><ul><li>They said “Behold, the falling star” if someone is fat and prosperous. They believed that once upon a time a star fell from the sky in the form of a fat goose… </li></ul><ul><li>The seasons would determine what the Hurons would do: in the warm seasons they would farm, and in the cold seasons, they would hunt </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 3- Disease and medicine <ul><li>The Jesuits of France knew nothing of germs, viruses and immunity. They focused on why diseases spread, not how </li></ul><ul><li>Many Huron medical procedures involved the mind as well as the body </li></ul><ul><li>They also thought that dances and some games could cure sickness </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 3- Disease and Medicine <ul><li>Sickness was easily spread through the Huron tribes because their custom called that the sick would be the center of attention </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuits did the opposite and isolated their sick </li></ul><ul><li>The Hurons blamed the Jesuits for the outbreak of smallpox </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 6- Missions to the Iroquois <ul><li>Converting the Iroquois was a big ambition of the Jesuits </li></ul><ul><li>The Jesuits worked among the Five Nations of the Iroquois League until 1684 </li></ul><ul><li>The Mowhawks were the largest amount of converts and were known as the “mission indians” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chatper 6- Missions to the Iroquois <ul><li>The non catholic Iroquois went to pursue life away from the influence of the Society of Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>The Iroquois converts of Canada developed their own way fo life as allies of the king for France and autonomous desidents of the St. Lawrence Valley </li></ul>