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The jesuit relations

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  • 1. The Jesuit Relations Nadya Dooley 12/13/10
  • 2. Introduction
    • The Society of Jesus was established in 1534
    • The Jesuits, who were members of this order, took vows of poverty and obedience
    • Instead of taking refuge from profane influences by retreating, they went out to conquer the secular world
  • 3. Introduction
    • Every Jesuit was a college teacher some time in his career
    • From the start, missions abroad to convert the “heretics” and “heathens” were the Jesuits plans
    • The Jesuits published annual Relations for their audiences
  • 4. Chapter 1- Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands
    • The first published Jesuit Relations were written by Father Paul Le Jeune
    • The Algonquin-Montagnais interested the Jesuits because they believed that all things possessed living spirits
    • This is known as “animism”
    Father Paul Le Jeune
  • 5. Chapter 1- Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands
    • Paul Le Jeune journalized his encounters with the Montagnais Indians
    • He learned that they were very attached to each other and cooperative. They wouldn’t quarrel
    • They believed that a being called Atahocam created the world
    • The Indians would not harshly punish their children
  • 6. Chapter 2- Jean de Brébeuf on the Hurons
    • The Hurons are the best documented native North Americans
    • Huron means “rough hair”
    • Jean de Brébeuf wrote about the language of the Hurons: the greater part of their words was composed of vowels. All their words were universally conjugated. They had different verbs for living things and inanimate objects.
  • 7. Chapter 2- Jean de Bréfeuf on the Hurons
    • The Hurons had many myths about their past
    • They said “Behold, the falling star” if someone is fat and prosperous. They believed that once upon a time a star fell from the sky in the form of a fat goose…
    • The seasons would determine what the Hurons would do: in the warm seasons they would farm, and in the cold seasons, they would hunt
  • 8. Chapter 3- Disease and medicine
    • The Jesuits of France knew nothing of germs, viruses and immunity. They focused on why diseases spread, not how
    • Many Huron medical procedures involved the mind as well as the body
    • They also thought that dances and some games could cure sickness
  • 9. Chapter 3- Disease and Medicine
    • Sickness was easily spread through the Huron tribes because their custom called that the sick would be the center of attention
    • The Jesuits did the opposite and isolated their sick
    • The Hurons blamed the Jesuits for the outbreak of smallpox
  • 10. Chapter 6- Missions to the Iroquois
    • Converting the Iroquois was a big ambition of the Jesuits
    • The Jesuits worked among the Five Nations of the Iroquois League until 1684
    • The Mowhawks were the largest amount of converts and were known as the “mission indians”
  • 11. Chatper 6- Missions to the Iroquois
    • The non catholic Iroquois went to pursue life away from the influence of the Society of Jesus
    • The Iroquois converts of Canada developed their own way fo life as allies of the king for France and autonomous desidents of the St. Lawrence Valley