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California part 2

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  • 1. California Part 2 Panama & Los Angeles Nadya Dooley 5/2/11
  • 2. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 1: Why it was constructed
    • Los Angeles had an extreme water shortage, no minerals and no resources
    • The population continued to expand, and the current water supply system was failing and drying up
    • LA found itself in a drought
  • 3. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 2: Mr. William Mulholland
    • Mulholland started out as a worker, but in 1886 ended up as the superintendent of the LA water system
    • He set out in 1905 to build the LA aquaduct, using his engineering background to help him
    • He’d never finished grade school, but received an honorary degree
    • He became the highest public employee in LA
  • 4. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 3: The Finished thing
    • The water was brought to Los Angeles from the Owens river (in the Owens valley)
    • In burning heat (110 degrees), one hundred thousand workers built it
    • It opened in 1913
    • The Owens valley
  • 5. The Los Angeles Aquaduct Part 4: Complications & Resolutions
    • The population grew rapidly and everyone had tons of water
    • … Until Mulholland’s dam broke, and millions of gallons of water spilled out, flooding everything in its path
    • Mulholland retired, leaving the blueprints for his unbuilt ideas behind
    • Other people built his ideas, but now people started to realize that they were going to dry up all the lakes
    • LA began to conserve water on a scale like never before, leaving the lakes surviving
  • 6. The Panama Canal Part 1: The Canal
    • After the US purchased the rights to build the Panama Canal, the Chagres river was dammed and a man made lake was built
    • After ten years of digging and building locks as big as the Eiffel Tower, whilst trying to stop landslides, the canal was finished
    • It opened officially in August 1914
    • The system was relatively simple: water raised the boats up to the level of the next lock, until they reached the lake
  • 7. The Panama Canal Part 2: Theodore Roosevelt
    • Theodore Roosevelt was the initiator of the construction of the Panama Canal
    • After McKinley was assasinated, he became the youngest president ever, at 42
    • His trip to Panama made him the first president ever to the US whilst in office
    • He also ran a huge sanitary program, where roads were paved, water pipes were made and new houses were built
  • 8. The Panama Canal Part 3: Ferdinand de Lesseps
    • Ferdinand de Lesseps built the Suez Canal and tried to build the Panama Canal but failed
    • Hundreds of men died because of Yellow Fever and Malaria, which they believed came from the air, not from mosquitoes
    • France was funding Lesseps, but when he failed to construct the canal, it was the biggest financial loss in history up to then
  • 9. The Panama Canal Part 4: John Stevens and George Goethals
    • John Stevens was the first person that Theodore Roosevelt put in charge of building the Panama Canal
    • He ordered wired nets to keep his men away from the mosquitoes and tons of medicine
    • He was a great success until he mysteriously quit, at which point Roosevelt appointed George Goethals
    • George Goethals successfully completed the canal