American urbanization & nyc
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American urbanization & nyc Presentation Transcript

  • 1. American Urbanization & New York City By Nadya Dooley 4/23/11
  • 2. The Country and the City Part 1: Creation and rising
    • New Amsterdam was made because a man called Henry Hudson accidentally found the land
    • In the beginning it was disorderly and chaotic
    • Soon the it was such a racial diversity that the Dutch were a minority in their own colony
    • It started to boom. Slaves were imported and trade peaked. It became New York. In 1740 it became the 3rd largest port in the british empire
  • 3. The Country and the City Part 2: Issues and resolution
    • Like all cities, it had problems. Riots broke out and negroes were hanged and burned. 1763 was hard times
    • In 1775 the American Revolution started
    • There were lots of other bumps along the road, but in the end, it became what it is today: A huge, racially diverse city of masses of people getting along together.
  • 4. The Country and the City Part 3: What was most interesting
    • What I found most interesting was the fact that once the Dutch had created New Amsterdam, everyone wanted the land
    • So even back then, people were still greedy; were the good ol’ days really the good ol’ days?
  • 5. Sunshine and Shadow Part 1: The Brooklyn Bridge
    • In 1867 the East river froze solid & the people decided to build a bridge across it from Manhattan to Brooklyn
    • The task was given to John Augustus Roebling
    • He died from tetanus and the job of completing the bridge was given to his son, Washington
    • The bridge was finally completed 13 years later
  • 6. Sushine and Shadow Part 2: William Tweed
    • In the 19th century, New York was a jumble of poor and rich people. The most powerful of them all was a man called William Tweed
    • He yanked the prices for things
    • up, like making the price of 4
    • thermometers 35,000 dollars
    • He was subject to many political
    • comics (Like the one to the right)
    • He was discovered, and died from
    • Pneumonia in a jail he built
  • 7. Sunshine and Shadow Part 3: The Big Picture
    • New York was a huge, overpopulated city full of poverty and at the same time, riches
    • Immigrants poured in by the thousands. It was so crowded that the poor and the rich were living side by side
    • It was constantly changing, so the New York you lived in as a child would be a totally different world then the New york you lived in 30 years later
    • Nobody minded!
  • 8. A Merger That Put New York On Top
    • In the early 19th century, New York’s rivals for becoming the nations commercial center were mainly Boston and Philadelphia
    • New York’s advantages were its location and its growing markets
    • The Erie Canal allowed NY to have control over the US to Europe exports
    • The AOL Timewarner merging could also prevent the west from taking the global economy away from NY
  • 9. America Compared: The Great Transatlantic Migration
    • During the late 19th century and the early 20th century, millions of people immigrated to the U.S
    • Some people also immigrated to places like Canada, Brazil, Argentina, other places in Latin America, and a few other locations, but it was only a small percent to each
    • About 25% of the European immigrants returned home with their gathered wealth
  • 10. America Compared: The Great Transatlantic Migration
    • The flow of European immigrants accelerated even more when steamships replaced sailboats
    • They continued to improve the ships with better engines and propellers and sometimes the ships had as many as 1,500 people packed into them
    • By 1900 most immigrants had several options for embarking, passenger lines, prices and accommodations and destinations
  • 11. America Compared: The Great Transatlantic Migration
    • The US didn’t look fondly on return or temporary migrants because they thought it was a paradise for Europe's oppressed and the idea that the immigrants would only come for money clashed with their beliefs
    • Americans also believed the immigrants might bring conspiracies against them or completely take them over
    • This caused laws on immigration to be made
    • The transatlantic mass migration didn’t continue after 1914