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  • Treaty of Versailles
    A. Germany lost land to surrounding nations
    B. War Reparations
    Allies collect $ to pay back war debts to U.S.
    2) Germany must pay $57 trillion (modern equivalent)
    3) Bankrupted the German economy & embarrassed Germans
  • The Depression made Germany’s debt even worse
    B. Desperate people turn to desperate leaders
    ) Hitler seemed to provide solutions to Germany’s problems
  • Sept. 16, 1939- Warsaw was surrounded
    Sept. 17, 1939- Soviet forces invade from East
    Sept. 28, 1939- Germany and U.S.S.R agree to divide Poland into spheres of influence
  • 2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems (foreigners, Jews, communists, gypsies, mentally ill)
    2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems (foreigners, Jews, communists, gypsies, mentally ill)
    2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems (foreigners, Jews, communists, gypsies, mentally ill)2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems (foreigners, Jews, communists, gypsies, mentally ill)
    2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems (foreigners, Jews, communists, gypsies, mentally ill)
    2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems (foreigners, Jews, communists, gypsies, mentally ill)
  • The American oil embargo caused a crisis in Japan.
    Japanese were reliant on the United States for 80% of its oil, the Japanese were forced to decide between withdraw from China or negotiating an end to the conflict or going to war to obtain the needed resources elsewhere.
    Prince Fumimaro Konoe asked US President Franklin Roosevelt for a summit meeting to discuss the issues.
    Roosevelt replied that Japan needed to leave China before such a meeting could be held.
    Konoe was seeking a diplomatic solution, the military was looking south to the Netherlands East Indies and their rich sources of oil and rubber.
    Believing that an attack in this region would cause the US to declare war, they began planning for such an eventuality.
    Tensions built up between the Japanese and the United States with FDR making one last appeal to Konoe – it was too late.
  • On December 7, 1941. the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
    The attack on Hawaiian soil was an unannounced military strike conducted by the Japanese navy against the United States' naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of Sunday, later resulting in the United States becoming militarily involved in World War II
  • Surprise attack by the Japanese on American forces in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
    US declares war on Japan and other Axis powers
  • A battle between Germany and the Soviet Union for the Soviet city of Stalingrad that took place between August 21, 1942 and February 2, 1943. The Soviets won.
    It is often considered the turning point of World War II.
  • What?
    A major battle on the beaches of France in which the Allies took control of Western Europe.
  • President Truman had given Japan an ultimatum for surrender.
    Japan did not meet the conditions of the ultimatum.
    on August 6, 1945, the nuclear weapon "Little Boy" was dropped on the city of Hiroshima, followed on August 9, 1945, by the detonation of the "Fat Man" nuclear bomb over Nagasaki. These are the only uses of nuclear weapons in warfare.
    On August 15, 1945, Japan announced its surrender to the Allied Powers, marking an end to WWII

Transcript

  • 1. WORLD WAR II
  • 2. GROUP 1
  • 3. GROUP 2
  • 4. GROUP 3
  • 5. GROUP 4
  • 6. GROUP 5
  • 7. WWII – The world stage  WWII - IN COLOR •7
  • 8. TIMELINE OF WWII •1939-1945 •US involvement 1941-1945 1939 Sept.1 Germany invades Poland (official start to the war) •8 1941 Sept. 3 -Britain & France declare war on Germany Dec. 7 – 1943 June 6 – 1944 May - Japan bombs D-Day Germans Pearl Harbor; surrender US enters the Feb- USSR war defeats Germany at the Battle of Stalingrad 1945 AugSept. Atomic bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki; Japanese surrender
  • 9. WHO FOUGHT IN THE WAR? Allies (major powers) Axis (major powers) Great Britain Germany United States Italy France Japan (note: France surrendered to Germany in 1940 (after 6 weeks of fighting) Soviet Union •9
  • 10. Major Leaders Adolf Hitler Nazi Germany Benito Mussolini Italy •10
  • 11. Major Leaders Winston Churchill Charles De Gaulle British Prime Minister French Prime Minister Hirohito Emperor of Japan •11
  • 12. Major Leaders Joseph Stalin Russian Leader Harry S Truman Franklin Delano Roosevelt US President US President •12
  • 13. UNDERLYING CAUSES •13 Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, and Woodrow Wilson during negotiations for the Treaty
  • 14. UNDERLYING CAUSES •14 1923 - Wallpapering with German Deutchmarks
  • 15. HITLER INVADES POLAND •15
  • 16. •16
  • 17. INVASION OF EUROPE •17
  • 18. GERMANIA •18
  • 19. •19
  • 20. Why? (underlying causes of WWII) 2. World-wide Depression •20
  • 21. EVENTS LEADING UP TO THE PEARL HARBOR
  • 22. THE BOMBING
  • 23. Major Events during WWII •23 USS Arizona Sinking in Pearl Harbor
  • 24. THE BATTLE OF STALINGRAD •24
  • 25. D-Day, the Battle of Normandy June 6, 1944 •25
  • 26. JAPAN •26