The Underground
Railroad
The Underground Railroad






The Underground Railroad was actually an
above-ground series of escape routes for slaves...
Abolitionist





Abolition-The movement to end slavery
Slaves would hide in various places.
Abolitionist – a person wh...
Henry Box Brown
Henry Box Brown






Henry Brown convinced Samuel A. Smith
to pack him in a box and ship him to
Philadelphia, Pennsylv...
Would you take the risk???

 If

the slaves were caught, they
were sold or beaten with a whip;
sometimes they were lynche...
Conductors


Conductors were the
people who led the
runaways to freedom.
Harriett Tubman





Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland.
When she learned that her owner was going to sell her,
she decided to...
Harriet Tubman




Southern Plantation
owners offered
$40,000 for the
capture of Harriet
Tubman.
Plantation Owners
also ...
Sojourner Truth
Sojourner Truth
was born a slave
in New York, and
she fled to live
with Quakers.
 Truth spoke for
aboliti...
William Lloyd Garrison



Abolitionist
Published an
antislavery
newspaper The
Liberator
Jermain Loguen






Abolitionist and
Religious Leader
Station master of
Underground Railroad
Estimated 1500
Fugitive s...
Mary Ann Shadd







Educated black
children in free and
slave states
Fled to Canada
Spoke out against
Slavery
Educat...
Lucretia Mott








Lucretia and her husband
boycotted all goods
produced by slave labor.
Abolitionist
Women’s Righ...
Fredrick Douglass
 Abolitionist

Speaker
 Published an
autobiography
William Still
Member of the
Pennsylvania
Antislavery
Society
 Established a
number of safe
houses

Susan B. Anthony




Fought for women’s
suffrage in the 20th
Century
She worked for
temperance and antislavery movements
John Whittier
American
Abolitionist Poet
 “Quaker Poet” of
freedom

Jonathan Walker


Jonathan Walker became
a national hero in 1844
when he was tried and
sentenced as a slave
stealer follo...
Josiah Henson




Josiah Henson was
one of the first slaves
to write his memoirs
after escaping to
freedom.
Harriet Beec...
Routes to Freedom
THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
Spirituals
Spirituals




Spirituals like “Wade in the Water”, “The Gospel
Train” and “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” directly
refer to ...
Quilts




During the time of the Underground
Railroad fugitive slaves would use quilts
as a means of communication.
Qui...
Quilt Usage in the Underground
Railroad
 This

Quilt
represented
the NORTH
STAR
Quilts
 This

quilt
was the
symbol for
the wagon
wheel
Quilts
 This

Quilt
symbolize
d a log
cabin
Quilts
 This

quilt
symbolize
d a
crossroads
The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad - UTSA Lecture
The Underground Railroad - UTSA Lecture
The Underground Railroad - UTSA Lecture
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The Underground Railroad - UTSA Lecture

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US History 1 - Lecture at UTSA by Adjunct Instructor Sara Emami

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  • The Underground Railroad - UTSA Lecture

    1. 1. The Underground Railroad
    2. 2. The Underground Railroad    The Underground Railroad was actually an above-ground series of escape routes for slaves traveling from the South to the North trying to gain their freedom. Slaves traveled by foot, wagons, boats, and trains. Slave runaways would usually travel by the light of night and hide during the day in places known as stations. These were safe houses owned by abolitionists.
    3. 3. Abolitionist    Abolition-The movement to end slavery Slaves would hide in various places. Abolitionist – a person who believed and worked for the abolishment of slavery.
    4. 4. Henry Box Brown
    5. 5. Henry Box Brown    Henry Brown convinced Samuel A. Smith to pack him in a box and ship him to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Henry Box Brown’s trip to Philadelphia was grueling, in tight quarters. Brown was set free in Philadelphia and eventually made his way to Boston, where he helped fellow escapees on the Underground Railroad.
    6. 6. Would you take the risk???  If the slaves were caught, they were sold or beaten with a whip; sometimes they were lynched.
    7. 7. Conductors  Conductors were the people who led the runaways to freedom.
    8. 8. Harriett Tubman
    9. 9.    Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland. When she learned that her owner was going to sell her, she decided to escape. Tubman made 19 journeys from the South to the North as a Conductor on the Underground Railroad.
    10. 10. Harriet Tubman   Southern Plantation owners offered $40,000 for the capture of Harriet Tubman. Plantation Owners also offered rewards for the return of runaway slaves.
    11. 11. Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth was born a slave in New York, and she fled to live with Quakers.  Truth spoke for abolition and women’s rights. 
    12. 12. William Lloyd Garrison   Abolitionist Published an antislavery newspaper The Liberator
    13. 13. Jermain Loguen    Abolitionist and Religious Leader Station master of Underground Railroad Estimated 1500 Fugitive slaves passed through his home
    14. 14. Mary Ann Shadd     Educated black children in free and slave states Fled to Canada Spoke out against Slavery Educated fugitive slave children in Canada
    15. 15. Lucretia Mott      Lucretia and her husband boycotted all goods produced by slave labor. Abolitionist Women’s Rights Spoke at Quaker meetings against slavery Attended World Antislavery Convention in London in 1840
    16. 16. Fredrick Douglass  Abolitionist Speaker  Published an autobiography
    17. 17. William Still Member of the Pennsylvania Antislavery Society  Established a number of safe houses 
    18. 18. Susan B. Anthony   Fought for women’s suffrage in the 20th Century She worked for temperance and antislavery movements
    19. 19. John Whittier American Abolitionist Poet  “Quaker Poet” of freedom 
    20. 20. Jonathan Walker  Jonathan Walker became a national hero in 1844 when he was tried and sentenced as a slave stealer following an attempt to assist seven runaway slaves find freedom.  He was branded on the right hand with the letters SS signifying "Slave Stealer".
    21. 21. Josiah Henson   Josiah Henson was one of the first slaves to write his memoirs after escaping to freedom. Harriet Beecher Stowe acknowledged that Henson's writings were the inspiration for her 1852 novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin
    22. 22. Routes to Freedom
    23. 23. THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
    24. 24. THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
    25. 25. Spirituals
    26. 26. Spirituals   Spirituals like “Wade in the Water”, “The Gospel Train” and “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” directly refer to the Underground Railroad. Spirituals gradually evolved to serve a variety of purposes in the fight for freedom: 1) Singing as an expression of values 2) Singing as a source of inspiration or motivation 3) Singing as an expression of protest 4) Singing as a communication tool
    27. 27. Quilts   During the time of the Underground Railroad fugitive slaves would use quilts as a means of communication. Quilts were used by conductors to help fugitive slaves flee the South and arrive safely in the North.
    28. 28. Quilt Usage in the Underground Railroad  This Quilt represented the NORTH STAR
    29. 29. Quilts  This quilt was the symbol for the wagon wheel
    30. 30. Quilts  This Quilt symbolize d a log cabin
    31. 31. Quilts  This quilt symbolize d a crossroads
    32. 32. The Underground Railroad
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