Irony always involves contrast. It is the unexpected or the undeserved. There are three types of irony: verbal situational dramatic
In verbal irony, words suggest the opposite of their usual meanings. Sarcasm is a low form of irony.
Example of Verbal Irony
“ You picked a fine time to leave me Lucille, with four hungry children and a crop in the field” (“Lucille” by Kenny Rogers).
Kenny Rogers (www.wma.com)
In situational irony, the events are unexpected or undeserved.
Example of Situational Irony In the song, “Ironic,” Alanis Morissette lists examples of situational irony. (www.mtctickets.com)
In dramatic irony, the audience or reader is aware of the irony, but the characters are not.
When the audience saw the movie, Titanic , they knew from history that the ship would sink. When the characters said lifeboats were not needed for an “unsinkable ship,” the audience recognized the irony, but the characters did not.
Example of Dramatic Irony
“ Kenny Rogers.” CMT.com. 8 Nov. 2005. Country Music