Assignment 3 COMM .6100Submitted by:Mandeep Singh GhalaS.ID 2011001907 Submitted to: Heather Vail
Terrorism In India A terrorist is a person who creates fear panic among the organization to which he belongs. terrorists are well organized and well-trained and it often becomes difficult for the law enforcing agencies to arrest them in time. They indulge in senseless violence on a large scale in order to intimidate the people and the government. Hijacking of aero planes, arson, robberies, murder of eminent personalities, shooting down of innocent people indiscriminately, use of transistor bombs and other explosives, spreading of rumors’ etc. are the various devices used by terrorist organizations in order to achieve their political ends. Terrorists constantly change their hide- outs and their tactics in order to escape arrest and punishment. When arrested, they try to commit suicide or are killed by their own close associates.
History Broadly speaking, there are some important factors noteworthy in context of terrorism in the country. First, there is foreign hand behind it in certain jar second, there are mercenaries who are carrying on insurgency in the name of Jihad in Jammu and Kashmir, and thirdly it is a sort of revolt of the people of certain areas and mass-based movement against repression on the political grounds In Jammu and Kashmir it is actually proxy war being waged by the mercenaries trained and armed by Pakistan with a conspiracy by Inter Service Intelligence (ISI) and armed forces of that country. They cross border from favourable points on line of control pushed by Pak security forces and carry on insurgency in Indian territory. The pro-Pak terrorist organizations and their political wings who do not recognize J & K integral part of India; favour them; but they are unable to make headway as they do not enjoy the support of the common people and isolated. The local people have also been a victim of these terrorist activities.
Reason of Terrorism Kashmir history is an integral part of its foreign policy and military policy. In order to understand Pakistans relationship to the war on terror and with Islamist groups, it is important to factor in Pakistans interest in Kashmir. Kashmirs contentious existence has made it home to militant groups who have used terrorist tactics as part of a drive for an independent Kashmir, as well as others with pro-Pakistani views. we often call Kashmir is actually Jammu and Kashmir, a majority Muslim Indian area between India and Pakistan. The Kashmir dispute began in 1947, when India was divided into a Hindu state and a Muslim state. Both India and Pakistan laid claim to Kashmir. Many Kashmiris wanted independence. However, when Pakistani Pashtun tribes invaded, Kashmirs leader requested Indian help. India sent troops to Kashmir to eject the Pashtun tribes, and Pakistan responded by sending in its military. In 1949, a ceasefire agreement, known as the Karachi Agreement, divided Kashmir between India and Pakistan.
Disadvantages of terrorism Poverty Unemployment Economic Death of innocent citizens Effect on tourism
Poverty Terrorism is the main cause of poverty. The population in J&K falls in Below Poverty Line (BPL) category, with about 98 per cent among them living in the rural areas, says the Economic Survey. The ES which was tabled in the Legislative Assembly yesterday says that nearly 24.21 lakh persons are poor in J&K (21.63 per cent) of which 22 lakh live in the rural areas and only 2.21 lakh in urban areas. The poverty graph, according to the ES, has however shown constant decrease. As per the ES the poverty was 30.34 per cent (Rural) 9.18 per cent (Urban) and 25.17 per cent Combined (R+U) in 1993-94.
Unemployment Unemployment has been a constant threat to the Kashmir society and is increasing at a fast pace. About 6 lakh educated unemployed youth of the state have been registered with district Employment and Counselling Centres (E&CC) The main reason of this unemployment in the state is due to the threat of terrorism and slow down of industrial development in the state.
Economic Terrorism mostly effected on economy of the state. Kashmir produces a variety of fruits, vegetables and grains, yet 40% of them rot because there is no or little advanced processing and packaging service available, thereby depriving people of thousands of jobs. Human resource development can never be achieved in a land or a nation where basic human rights are denied and don’t even exist on paper. How can we expect to develop our human resources when our youth are deliberately ill-treated and discriminated against in recruitment and education.
Death of innocent citizens Terrorist groups in the area kill the innocent citizens and the security forces. More than 60,000 people, mostly innocent civilians, have died in the 15-year conflict. Half a million Indian troops are stationed in Kashmir, fighting Pakistani-funded militants who slip across the border to attack the troops but also to terrorize the local population into giving them shelter and assistance.
Effect on Tourism Tourism has been identified as an industry with potential of development next to agriculture and horticulture in kashmir. terrorism continues to pose a serious threat in Jammu and Kashmir. Frequent curfews and strict security measures helped to ensure that hardly any tourists came to the valley and the famous houseboats on its lakes found deserted.
ConclusionTerrorism is a very dangerous for every country .Dueto terrorism many bad moments happened likePoverty , Unemployment , Effect on Economics, Deathof innocent people , Effect on Tourism.