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Dutch

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    Dutch Dutch Presentation Transcript

    • Economicsby: Dave Martin
      Dutch Republic
      Map of Dutch Republic by JoannesJanssonius
    • Eighty Years War
      1568 – 1648
      Began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.
      War years marked the beginning of the Dutch Golden Age
      Worldwide Colonial Warfare
    • Belligerents
      United Provinces
      England
      German Protestants
      Huguenots
      France
      Spanish Empire
    • Result
      Independence of the Dutch Republic
      Subsequent war between the Spanish Empire and the Republic continued
      Heartland of the Republic was no longer threatened
      War ended in 1648 with the Peace of Munster
      Dutch Republic was recognized as an independent country
    • Conquered Portuguese colonies
      Northeastern Brazil
      Angola
      Indonesia
      Ceylon
    • Dutch Golden Age
      A period of great commercial and cultural prosperity roughly spanning the 17th century
      Driven by great migrations from the South to the North
      Dutch Ships
      Whaling Svalbard
      Spice Trading India, Indonesia
      Founded Colonies New Amsterdam, South Africa, West Indies
      Slave Trade
    • Economics
      New nation flourished culturally and economically
      Called the embarrassment of riches by Simon Schama
      Speculation in the tulip trade led to a first stock market crash in 1637
      Dutch East India Company (VOC)
      21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in Asia
    • VOC (Dutch East India Company)
      Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie
      Founded 20 March 1602
      Defunct17 March 1798 
      Fate Bankruptcy
      Headquarters
      East India House,
      Amsterdam,
      Holland,
      Dutch Republic
      The shipyard of the Dutch East India Company in Amsterdam, circa 1750
    • VOC (Dutch East India Company)
      first multinational corporation in the world
      first company to issue stock
      world's first megacorporation
      possessing quasi-governmental powers
      Including
      ability to wage war
      imprison
      execute convicts
      negotiate treaties
      coin money
      establish colonies
      VOC Monogram formerly above the entrance to the Castle of Good Hope
    • Economic power house
      Statistically, the VOC eclipsed all of its rivals in the Asia trade
      Between 1602 and 1796 the VOC sent almost a million Europeans to work in the Asia trade on 4,785 ships
      Netted for their efforts more than 2.5 million tons of Asian trade goods
    • Europe
      Europe combined sent only 882,412 people from 1500 to 1795
      Fleet of the English (later British) East India Company, the VOC’s nearest competitor, was a distant second to its total traffic with 2,690 ships and a mere one-fifth the tonnage of goods carried by the VOC
      VOC enjoyed huge profits from its spice monopoly through most of the 17th century
    • Voc – company or government
      set up in 1602 to profit from the Malukan spice trade
      1619 the VOC established a capital in the port city of Batavia (now Jakarta)
      Over the next two centuries the Company acquired additional ports as trading bases and safeguarded their interests by taking over surrounding territory
    • Voc – company or government
      Remained an important trading concern and paid an 18% annual dividend for almost 200 years
      Weighed down by corruption in the late 18th century, the Company went bankrupt and was formally dissolved in 1800
      Possessions and the debt taken over by the government of the Dutch Batavian Republic
      VOC's territories became the Dutch East Indies
    • Voc – company or government
      A bond issued by the Dutch East India Company, dating from 7 November 1623, for the amount of 2,400 florins.
      Two sides of a duit, a coin minted in 1735 by the VOC
    • Geography of the low lands
    • Geography of the low lands 5500 BC – 3850 BC
    • Geography of the low lands 2750 BC – 500 BC
    • Geography of the low lands 50 AD – 800 AD
    • timeline
    • timeline